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精神分裂症患者回忆过去和想象未来的特点
Alternative TitleCharacteristics of remembering the past and imagining the future in patients with schizophrenia
陈桂芳1,2,3; 刘露露1,2; 甘介春3; 吴刚3; 熊杰3; 钱红娟3; 王亚1; 陈楚侨1
First Author陈桂芳
2016
Source Publication中国心理卫生杂志
Correspondent Emailwangyazsu@ gmail. com
Subtype期刊论文
Volume30Issue:4Pages:292-298
Contribution Rank1000-6729
Abstract

目的:探讨精神分裂症患者回忆过去事件和想象未来事件的特点。方法:选取符合国际疾病分类与诊断标准第10版的精神分裂症患者25例,以及年龄、教育水平、智商相匹配的正常对照24例,要求被试参加回忆过去和想象未来测试,即根据提供的正性、中性、负性线索词回忆过去和想象未来的具体事件,然后对这些事件从具体性和内容两方面进行评分,比较两组被试回忆及想象内容的具体性事件所占的比率以及回忆及想象事件的类别所占的比率。结果:精神分裂症组回忆过去的具体事件的比率低于正常对照组[(0.45±0.26)vs.(0.70±0.22),P〈0.05]。在回忆及想象事件的类别上,产生的探索娱乐事件比率[(0.07±0.07)vs.(0.10±0.07)]、关系事件比率[(0.14±0.10)vs.(0.29±0.09)]、成功事件比率[(0.04±0.05)vs.(0.06±0.04)],精神分裂症组均低于正常对照组(均P〈0.05);精神分裂症组与医院有关的事件比率[(0.05±0.07)vs.(0.00±0.00)]、一般事件比率[(0.49±0.22)vs.(0.35±0.14)]均高于正常对照组(P〈0.05)。结论:精神分裂症患者回忆过去的具体性存在缺陷,回忆和想象事件的内容和正常对照组存在显著差异。

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Objective: To study the characteristics of remembering the past and imagining the future in patients w ith schizophrenia. Methods: Tw enty-five patients w ith schizophrenia meeting the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problem,Tenth Revision( ICD-10) diagnostic criteria and 24 normal demographically matched controls participated the study. They w ere required to recall past events and imagine possible future events related to a set of cue w ords( including positive,neutral and negative w ords) respectively. The events generated by participants w ere analyzed from tw o aspects: specificity and content. Results: Patients recalled past events in a less specific w ay compared to the controls,the ratio of specific events generated by patients w ere significantly less than controls [( 0. 45 ± 0. 26) vs.( 0. 70 ± 0. 22),P〈0. 05]. M oreover,the ratio of events generated by patients on exploration or entertainment [( 0. 07 ± 0. 07) vs.( 0. 10 ± 0. 07) ],relationships [( 0. 14 ± 0. 10)vs.( 0. 29 ± 0. 09) ],success [( 0. 04 ± 0. 05) vs.( 0. 06 ± 0. 04) ] w ere significantly less than healthy controls,the ratio of events generated by patients on hospital [( 0. 05 ± 0. 07) vs.( 0. 00 ± 0. 00) ],general events [( 0. 49 ± 0. 22)vs.( 0. 35 ± 0. 14) ] w ere significantly more than healthy controls( P〈0. 05). Conclusion: Patients w ith schizophrenia show impairments in specificity w hen recall the past,and the content of events they generate differ significantly from healthy controls.

Keyword精神分裂症 想象未来 回忆过去
Subject Area变态心理学
Indexed ByCSCD
Language中文
Funding Organization致谢:感谢遂宁市明康医院领导陈祖金主任、袁洪斌护理部主任、刘红全护理部主任对本研究的支持,感谢李巧逢、唐翔、姜丽君等对本研究的帮助.
CSCD IDCSCD:5677498
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/21058
Collection健康与遗传心理学研究室
Corresponding Author王亚
Affiliation1.中国科学院心理研究所心理健康院重点实验室
2.中国科学院大学
3.贵州省第二人民医院
First Author AffilicationInstitute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Corresponding Author AffilicationInstitute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
陈桂芳,刘露露,甘介春,等. 精神分裂症患者回忆过去和想象未来的特点[J]. 中国心理卫生杂志,2016,30(4):292-298.
APA 陈桂芳.,刘露露.,甘介春.,吴刚.,熊杰.,...&陈楚侨.(2016).精神分裂症患者回忆过去和想象未来的特点.中国心理卫生杂志,30(4),292-298.
MLA 陈桂芳,et al."精神分裂症患者回忆过去和想象未来的特点".中国心理卫生杂志 30.4(2016):292-298.
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