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认知储备能与认知功能障碍的新进展
Alternative TitleThe Research Progress of Cognitive Reserve and Cognitive Disorders
姜文斐1; 汤雅馨2; 潘卫东1
First Author姜文斐
2016
Source Publication中国临床神经科学
Correspondent Emailpanwd@medmail.com.cn
ISSN1008-0678
Subtype期刊论文
Issue2Pages:239-243
Contribution Rank2
Abstract

认知储备能(CR)可以理解为不同个体预防认知功能障碍或痴呆发病的能力,有助于理解在认知功能障碍或痴呆发病过程中,认知功能下降的差异性。CR主要分为不可塑性认知储备假说和可塑性认知储备假说,除了脑容量、民族、遗传等不可调控CR外,生活方式、受教育程度、语言学习、移民以及收入等,均是后天能够影响CR的可调控因素。在充分认识CR性质的前提下,通过可增加CR的方法,可以在一定程度上预防认知功能障碍的发生或延缓此类疾病的进展。文中主要从CR的概念、分类、影响因素、评价方法等方面进行综述。

;

Cognitive reserve(CR) might be thought one ability which delays the morbidity of cognitive disorders, it can help us understanding the variety of reserve decline in the development process of different diseases. CR concept, classification, impact factors, evaluation methods, their effects on diseases and other aspects were systematically reviewed. The idea of reserve stems from the repeated observation has been proposed, which mainly divided into passive models and active models. A variety of environmental factors such as education level, reading ability, emigration and income and so on have impacts on the reserve. Furthermore, lots of methods that have been used to quantify reserve were summed up. CR plays a significant role in these diseases, it might be an effective tool to prevent and treat these serious diseases.

Keyword认知储备能 认知功能障碍 阿尔茨海默病 可塑性储备能 不可塑性储备能
Subject Area认知心理学
URL查看原文
Indexed By其他
Language中文
Funding Organization国家自然科学基金面上项目(编号:81373619)
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/21091
Collection认知与发展心理学研究室
Corresponding Author潘卫东
Affiliation1.上海中医药大学附属曙光医院神经内科
2.中国科学院心理研究所
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
姜文斐,汤雅馨,潘卫东. 认知储备能与认知功能障碍的新进展[J]. 中国临床神经科学,2016(2):239-243.
APA 姜文斐,汤雅馨,&潘卫东.(2016).认知储备能与认知功能障碍的新进展.中国临床神经科学(2),239-243.
MLA 姜文斐,et al."认知储备能与认知功能障碍的新进展".中国临床神经科学 .2(2016):239-243.
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