PSYCH OpenIR  > 健康与遗传心理学研究室
Alternative TitleCounseling and Psychotherapy in China: Current Status and Future Strategies
陈祉妍; 刘正奎; 祝卓宏; 史占彪
First Author陈祉妍
Source Publication中国科学院院刊
Contribution Rank1


Other Abstract

Counseling and psychotherapy, as an important part of the service for holistic health, help to improve people's mental health status, decrease the burden of disease, increase the quality of family life, and build up positive social environment. Beginning from the 1980s, counseling and psychotherapy in China have been developing mainly in medical system, educational system, and social institute. In recent decade or two, the need for mental health service increased dramatically, and the number of counselors and other mental health practitioners multiplied accordingly, taking the course to professionalization. A few professional standards and working pattern developed progressively. However, the rapid increasing of counselors and other mental health practitioners also bring about problems such as unqualified professionals and spotty mental health service. Part of the reason lies in wrong knowledge of counseling and psychotherapy. As a highly professional work, counseling and psychotherapy must be based on qualified professionals and strict professional standards. An analysis of present situation shows that the counseling and psychotherapy are in lack of development in several areas, including: not enough importance has been given to ethic code and standard process; not enough importance has been given to basic training and practice skills; not enough importance has been given to research on treatment outcome; and not enough importance has been given to the evaluation and feedback system of professional work. Thus, facing the increasing need of mental health service in the future, we should develop the counseling and psychotherapy in following ways: (1) promote effective evidence-based working patterns aiming at specific groups; (2) carry out more evaluation on treatment outcome both in research and practice; (3) improve the professional training to a more systematic and standardized level; and (4) using the Internet techniques to extend high quality professional resources to less developed areas. Developing the quality of counseling and psychotherapy to a higher level, the whole system of mental health service will integrate more effectively, thus to improve the mental health status of Chinese people.

Keyword心理咨询 心理治疗 心理健康 伦理准则 疗效研究
Subject Area心理健康
Indexed ByCSCD
Funding Organization中科院“ 率先行动”计划特色研究所项目
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
First Author AffilicationInstitute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
陈祉妍,刘正奎,祝卓宏,等. 我国心理咨询与心理治疗发展现状、问题与对策[J]. 中国科学院院刊,2016,31(11):1198-1207.
APA 陈祉妍,刘正奎,祝卓宏,&史占彪.(2016).我国心理咨询与心理治疗发展现状、问题与对策.中国科学院院刊,31(11),1198-1207.
MLA 陈祉妍,et al."我国心理咨询与心理治疗发展现状、问题与对策".中国科学院院刊 31.11(2016):1198-1207.
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