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医务人员健康坚韧性及其应对方式的相互关系研究
Alternative TitleStudy on the relationship between medical staffs health hardiness and coping style
陈栩1; 丁莉2; 张甜甜1; 时勘3
First Author陈栩
2016
Source Publication中国健康教育
ISSN1002-9982
Subtype期刊论文
Volume32Issue:10Pages:908-910,932
Contribution Rank3
Abstract

目的了解医务人员健康坚韧性及其应对方式的关系,为提高医务人员身心健康水平提供依据。方法以随机整群抽样的方法,选取南昌市6所三级甲等医院医务人员685名,采用健康坚韧量表和应对方式量表进行问卷调查。结果男性医务人员的健康坚韧性显著高于女性医务人员[(140.53±15.16)vs(136.61±14.79),t=2.175,P0.05)];不同岗位的医务人员健康坚韧性差异有统计学意义,医生的健康坚韧性(141.54±14.47)高于医技(138.62±14.38)和护士(135.28±15.53)(P0.05);不同科室医务人员的健康坚韧性存在显著差异,内科医务人员(143.04±13.94)健康坚韧性最高,明显高于外科(136.70±15.27)和急诊科(132.29±16.25),急诊科(132.29±16.25)明显低于其余科室(140.09±14.82)和妇产科(139.02±13.98)(P0.05);健康坚韧性与积极应对方式呈显著正相关(r值分别为0.303、0.174、0.011),与消极应对方式呈显著负相关(r值分别为-0.300、-0.024、-0.254)。结论医务人员健康坚韧性水平偏低,健康坚韧性和应对方式相关性强,应开展医务人员健康坚韧性训练,加强医务人员积极应对方式的培养。

Other Abstract

Abstract Objective To understand the relationship of medical staffs healthy hardiness and their copying style,and provide the basis for improving their physical and mental health. Methods By using healthy hardiness scale and coping style scale,a questionnaire survey was conducted among 685 medical personnel chosen from six tertiary hospitals by random sampling method. Results The healthy hardiness of male medical staffs was significant higher than that of female medical staffs [( 140. 53 ± 15. 16) vs ( 136. 61 ± 14. 79) ,t = 2. 175,P < 0. 05) ]. The healthy hardiness of doctors ( 141. 54 ±14. 47) was higher than that of medical technicians ( 138. 62 ± 14. 38) and nurses ( 135. 28 ± 15. 53) ( P < 0. 05) . There were significant differences in different departments ( P < 0. 05) ,the health hardiness score of medical personnel in depart-ment of internal medicine ( 143. 04 ± 13. 94) was highest,significantly higher than that of surgery ( 136. 70 ± 15. 27) and emergency department ( 132. 29 ± 16. 25) . The score of emergency department ( 132. 29 ± 16. 25) was significantly lower than that of other departments ( 140. 09 ± 14. 82) and the department of obstetrics and gynecology ( 139. 02 ± 13. 98) ( P< 0. 05) . There had positive correlation between healthy hardiness and active coping style ( r = 0. 303,0. 174,0. 011) ,and negative correlation between healthy hardiness and inactive coping style ( r = - 0. 300, - 0. 024, - 0. 254) . Conclu-sion The healthy hardiness of medical staffs is low,and there is a strong correlation between healthy hardiness and coping style. Positive coping style training should be strengthened among medical staffs.

Keyword医务人员 健康坚韧性 应对方式
Subject Area健康心理学
DOI10. 16168 / j. cnki. issn. 1002 - 9982. 2016. 10. 011
URL查看原文
Indexed By其他
Language中文
Funding Organization国家社会科学基金重大项目:“中华民族伟大复兴的社会心理促进机制研究”子课题“抗逆力结构、作用机制与员工促进研究”(13&ZD155)
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Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/21147
Collection继续教育学院
Affiliation1.南昌大学科学技术学院
2.江西省南昌市疾病预防控制中心
3.中国科学院心理研究所
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
陈栩,丁莉,张甜甜,等. 医务人员健康坚韧性及其应对方式的相互关系研究[J]. 中国健康教育,2016,32(10):908-910,932.
APA 陈栩,丁莉,张甜甜,&时勘.(2016).医务人员健康坚韧性及其应对方式的相互关系研究.中国健康教育,32(10),908-910,932.
MLA 陈栩,et al."医务人员健康坚韧性及其应对方式的相互关系研究".中国健康教育 32.10(2016):908-910,932.
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