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职业性别刻板印象激活效应:一项ERP研究
Alternative TitleEvent-Related Potential Correlates of the Occupational Gender Stereotype-Activated Effect
范伟1,2; 钟毅平1,3; 李琎1; 黄俊伟1
First Author范伟
2016
Source Publication中国临床心理学杂志
Correspondent Emailypzhong@hunnu.edu.cn
ISSN1005-3611
Subtype期刊论文
Volume24Issue:3Pages:381-388
Contribution Rank2,3
Abstract

目的:采用事件相关电位技术考察职业性别刻板印象激活效应。方法:使用语义联想启动范式,以代表“男性”或“女性”的单词为启动刺激,以职业性别刻板印象词为目标刺激,让被试判断启动词和目标词是否一致。结果:行为结果发现对比一致条件,不一致条件下被试的反应时更慢,正确率更低;对比男性启动条件,女性被试在女性启动条件下反应时更快,正确率更高。ERP结果发现,对比一致条件,不一致条件诱发了更大的N400波幅;对比男性启动条件,女性被试在女性启动条件下诱发了更大的P600波幅。结论:这些研究结果可能表明职业性别刻板激活效应是存在的,且支持语义匹配模型,而不是扩散激活模型;女性被试具有内群体偏见效应;职业性别刻板印象激活效应和内群体偏见效应都发生在知觉加工的晚期阶段。

;

Objective: To explore the occupational gender stereotype-activated effect by using ERPs. Methods: The ex- periment adopted the semantic/associative priming paradigm. Specially, we took maseulinize and feminine words as priming stimuli and the male and female stereotyped occupational words as target words. We used the explicit matching task to ex- amine the occupational gender stereotype-activated effect. Results: Compared with the congruent condition, responses were slower and less accurate in incongruent condition. N400 amplitudes were larger in incongruent condition than in con- gruent condition. In "woman" priming condition, female subjects showed faster responses and better accuracy than "man" priming condition. The averaged P600 amplitudes were larger In "woman" priming eondition than "man" priming condi- tion. Conclusion: Our findings on behavioral data and N400 amplitudes identify the occupational gender stereotype. The production mechanism of N400 effect that belongs to occupational gender stereotype-activated effect might be semantic matching rather than spreading activation. Finally, females show in-group bias effect in behavioral results and P600 ampli- tudes, which may start at the post-perceptual stage.

Keyword职业性别刻板印象激活效应 内群体偏见效应 N400效应 ERPs
Subject Area认知心理学
DOI10.16128/j.cnki.1005-3611.2016.03.001
URL查看原文
Indexed ByCSCD
Language中文
Funding Organization国家自然科学基金青年项目(31500883),中国博士后科学基金面上项目(2014M561086),湖南省社会科学基金青年项目(15YBA264),湖南省教育科学“十二五”规划课题(XJK0150XL002),湖南省教育厅科学研究优秀青年项目(158152),湖南师范大学博士启动基金(2014BQ31),中国科学院心理健康重点实验室开放课题(KLMH2014K04),教育部人文社会科学研究规划基金项目(13YJA190001),湖南省自然科学基金(2015JJ2097,2015JJ2101)资助
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Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/21163
Collection继续教育学院
Corresponding Author钟毅平
Affiliation1.湖南师范大学认知与人类行为省重点实验室
2.中国科学院心理研究所,脑与认知科学国家重点实验室
3.中国科学院心理研究所,中科院心理康重点实验室
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
范伟,钟毅平,李琎,等. 职业性别刻板印象激活效应:一项ERP研究[J]. 中国临床心理学杂志,2016,24(3):381-388.
APA 范伟,钟毅平,李琎,&黄俊伟.(2016).职业性别刻板印象激活效应:一项ERP研究.中国临床心理学杂志,24(3),381-388.
MLA 范伟,et al."职业性别刻板印象激活效应:一项ERP研究".中国临床心理学杂志 24.3(2016):381-388.
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