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中国母亲的孩子参照效应
Alternative TitleThe Child-reference Effect of Chinese Mothers
张静1; 任孝鹏1; 张力2; 徐江1,3
First Author张静
2016
Source Publication中国临床心理学杂志
Correspondent Emailrenxp@psych.ac.cn
ISSN1005-3611
Subtype期刊论文
Volume24Issue:5Pages:775-779
Contribution Rank1
Abstract

目的:采用自我参照效应范式探究中国母亲是否存在孩子参照效应。方法:采用五水平(自己、孩子、公众人物、简单任务和语义)的被试内设计,53位中国母亲(33.56±4.92岁,孩子的平均年龄3.94±2.50岁)参加了实验。结果:重复测量方差分析发现,孩子参照的再认正确率(M=0.64,SD=0.23)比自己参照的再认正确率(M=0.70,SD=0.20)低,但是比参照大众人物的再认正确率(M=0.56,SD=0.21)高;F(4,208)=37.24,P<0.01。孩子的年龄对孩子参照效应起调节作用,当孩子大于4岁的时候参照效应更加明显。结论:中国母亲在记忆上出现了孩子参照效应,将孩子认知为自我的一部分。且这种效应在拥有4岁以上孩子的母亲中更为明显。

Other Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate whether Chinese mothers would show child-reference effect and whether or not child’s age moderates this effect. Methods: The study recruited 53 mothers(age=33.56±4.92, children’s age=3.94±2.50). A five(self, child, public character, font and semantic) within-subject design was used with self-reference effect paradigm. Results: The repeated ANOVA find that the recognition score for child-referent(M=0.64, SD=0.23) was lower than those of self-referent(M=0.70, SD=0.20), and higher than those of public-character-referent(M=0.56, SD= 0.21);F (4,208)=37.24,P <0.01. And child’s age moderated the child-reference effect, demonstrating that the child-reference effect was stronger when the child’age is over 4 than those less than 4. Conclusion: Chinese mother show child-reference effect on recognition condition. And it is much stronger when the child’s age is over 4.

Keyword自我 自我参照效应 孩子参照效应
Subject Area社会心理学
DOI10.16128/j.cnki.1005-3611.2016.05.002
URL查看原文
Indexed ByCSCD
Language中文
Funding Organization中国科学院科技服务网络计划(STS计划)(KFJ-EWSTS-088) ; 中国科学院心理所应急项目“中国人集体主义的心理地图”资助项目(Y4CX157009) ; 科技基础性工作专项资助项目(2009FY110100) ; 关键词:自我 ; 自我参照效应 ; 孩子参照效应
CSCD IDCSCD:5841063
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/21166
Collection中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
Corresponding Author任孝鹏
Affiliation1.1.中国科学院心理研究所
2.首都师范 大学
3.中国科学院大学
First Author AffilicationInstitute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Corresponding Author AffilicationInstitute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
张静,任孝鹏,张力,等. 中国母亲的孩子参照效应[J]. 中国临床心理学杂志,2016,24(5):775-779.
APA 张静,任孝鹏,张力,&徐江.(2016).中国母亲的孩子参照效应.中国临床心理学杂志,24(5),775-779.
MLA 张静,et al."中国母亲的孩子参照效应".中国临床心理学杂志 24.5(2016):775-779.
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