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醉酒驾驶者人群心理健康状况和应付方式特征分析
Alternative TitleANALYSIS OF DRUNK DRIVERS MENTAL HEALTH STATUS AND THEIR CHARACTERISTICS OF COPING STYLE
黄亮1,2,3; 刘望1,2; 李勇辉1
First Author黄亮
2016
Source Publication中国药物依赖性杂志
Correspondent Emailliyonghui@ psych. ac. cn
ISSN1007-9718
Subtype期刊论文
Volume25Issue:2Pages:190-194
Contribution Rank1
Abstract

目的:(1)调查北京某看守所在押醉酒驾驶者的心理健康状况和应付方式特点;(2)对其心理健康状况与应付方式、应付方式与酒精依赖程度进行相关性分析。方法:收集北京某看守所378名在押醉酒驾驶者为受试者,资料收集汇总后,采用SPSS17. 0对SCL- 90、应付方式、MAST等数据进行描述性统计分析、独立样本t检验和Pearson相关分析。结果: 378名醉酒驾驶者SCL- 90的躯体化、人际关系、焦虑、恐怖和精神病性五个因子分及总均分高于全国常模(P < 0. 05);醉酒驾驶者应付方式的自责、幻想、退避、合理化因子均与SCL- 90的总分、躯体化、强迫症状、人际关系、抑郁、焦虑和敌对等因子呈显著正相关(P < 0. 05)或极其显著(P < 0. 01)。MAST总分与应付方式中解决问题因子呈非常显著负相关(P < 0. 01),而与消极的应付方式自责则呈显著正相关(P < 0. 05)。MAST总分与SCL- 90的阳性项目数、强迫症状和其他项呈显著负相关(P < 0. 05)。结论:醉酒驾驶者人群的心理健康状况显著低于全国常模。醉酒驾驶者的应付方式均与酒精成瘾程度和心理健康状况有较大的相关性。高酒精成瘾组与低酒精成瘾组在应付方式和心理健康方面也呈现较大的差异。

Other Abstract

Objective: (1) To investigate the mental health status and the characteristics of coping style of drunk drivers in one detention house of Beijing; (2) To analyze the relationship between the scores of SCL - 90 and coping style. Methods: 378 drunk drivers from one detention house of Beijing as subjects. After data collection,SPSS17. 0 was used to analyze the scores of SCL - 90,coping style, MAST with Descriptive statistics analysis,t - test,and Pearson correlation analysis. Results: The total score and five factors’scores of SCL - 90 in 378 drunk drivers are higher than the national norm (P < 0. 05),including somatization,interpersonal relationship,anxiety,terror and psychosis. A part of factors of SCL - 90 and coping style questionnaire had a high correlation(P < 0. 05). The total score of MAST correlated with factors of coping style respectively. Conclusion: Drunk drivers’mental health status is lower than the average. Drunk drivers’mental health,alcohol addiction degree are both closely correlated with their coping style. Heavy alcohol addiction group and light alcohol addiction group had difference in coping style and mental health.

Keyword醉酒驾驶者 SCL - 90 MAST 应付方式问卷
Subject Area健康心理学
DOI10.13936/j.cnki.cjdd1992.2016.02.011
URL查看原文
Indexed ByCSCD
Language中文
CSCD IDCSCD:5697191
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/21184
Collection中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
Corresponding Author李勇辉
Affiliation1.中国科学院心理研究所, 中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
2.中国科学院大学
3.北京市教育矫治
First Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Mental Health, CAS
Corresponding Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Mental Health, CAS
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
黄亮,刘望,李勇辉. 醉酒驾驶者人群心理健康状况和应付方式特征分析[J]. 中国药物依赖性杂志,2016,25(2):190-194.
APA 黄亮,刘望,&李勇辉.(2016).醉酒驾驶者人群心理健康状况和应付方式特征分析.中国药物依赖性杂志,25(2),190-194.
MLA 黄亮,et al."醉酒驾驶者人群心理健康状况和应付方式特征分析".中国药物依赖性杂志 25.2(2016):190-194.
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