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Metacognitive beliefs mediate the relationship between mind wandering and negative affect
Carciofo, Richard1,2; Song, Nan3; Du, Feng1; Wang, Michelle M.4; Zhang, Kan1; F. Du
First AuthorCarciofo, Richard
2017-03-01
Source PublicationPERSONALITY AND INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES
Correspondent Emailduf@psych.ac.cn (f. du).
ISSN0191-8869
SubtypeArticle
Volume107Issue:0Pages:78-87
Abstract

Two studies (Ns = 254 and 130, aged 18-28) aimed to investigate associations between mind wandering and metacognitive beliefs, and whether these beliefs are involved in the relationship between mind wandering and negative affect. Participants completed questionnaire measures of metacognitive beliefs, mind wandering, daydreaming, negative affect, mindfulness, and sleep quality. Study 2 also included the Sustained Attention to Response Task, with thought-probe assessment of task-unrelated thought (mind wandering/daydreaming). The frequency of mind wandering/daydreaming/task-unrelated thought was found to positively correlate with the metacognitive dimensions of less cognitive confidence, more endorsement of belief in the uncontrollability/danger of thoughts, and more endorsement of belief in the need to control thoughts. Multiple-mediator analysis was undertaken with three main models where either mind wandering, daydreaming frequency, or task-unrelated thought was the predictor for negative affect. Metacognitive beliefs, mindfulness and sleep quality were simultaneously entered as potential mediators. Results showed that metacognitive belief in the uncontrollability/danger of thoughts was a consistently significant mediator, while mindfulness and sleep quality were less consistent. Overall, the current research indicates that metacognitive beliefs are an important consideration in the study of mind wandering/daydreaming, and a possibly key factor in understanding the association with negative affect. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

KeywordMind wandering Daydreaming Metacognitive beliefs Negative affect Mindfulness Sleep quality Mediation
DOI10.1016/j.paid.2016.11.033
Indexed BySSCI
Language英语
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China(31470982 ; Chinese Academy of Sciences(KJZD-EW-L04-4) ; Scientific Foundation of the Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences(Y4CX033008) ; 31200766)
WOS Research AreaPsychology
WOS SubjectPsychology, Social
WOS IDWOS:000392775500013
WOS HeadingsSocial Sciences
WOS KeywordAFFECTIVE CONSEQUENCES ; LIFE SATISFACTION ; SLEEP QUALITY ; MINDFULNESS ; QUESTIONNAIRE ; COGNITION ; MODEL ; ATTENTION ; TASK ; PERFORMANCE
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/21188
Collection中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorF. Du
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
2.Xian Jiaotong Liverpool Univ, Language Ctr, Suzhou, Peoples R China
3.Beijing Foreign Studies Univ, Sch English Specif Purposes, Beijing, Peoples R China
4.Wellesley Coll, Dept Psychol, Wellesley, MA 02181 USA
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Carciofo, Richard,Song, Nan,Du, Feng,et al. Metacognitive beliefs mediate the relationship between mind wandering and negative affect[J]. PERSONALITY AND INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES,2017,107(0):78-87.
APA Carciofo, Richard,Song, Nan,Du, Feng,Wang, Michelle M.,Zhang, Kan,&F. Du.(2017).Metacognitive beliefs mediate the relationship between mind wandering and negative affect.PERSONALITY AND INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES,107(0),78-87.
MLA Carciofo, Richard,et al."Metacognitive beliefs mediate the relationship between mind wandering and negative affect".PERSONALITY AND INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES 107.0(2017):78-87.
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