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The interaction of perceptual biases in bistable perception
Zhang, Xue1,2; Xu, Qian1,2; Jiang, Yi1,2; Wang, Ying1,2
2017-02-06
Source PublicationSCIENTIFIC REPORTS
ISSN2045-2322
SubtypeArticle
Volume7Issue:42018Pages:1-8
Abstract

When viewing ambiguous stimuli, people tend to perceive some interpretations more frequently than others. Such perceptual biases impose various types of constraints on visual perception, and accordingly, have been assumed to serve distinct adaptive functions. Here we demonstrated the interaction of two functionally distinct biases in bistable biological motion perception, one regulating perception based on the statistics of the environment - the viewing-from-above (VFA) bias, and the other with the potential to reduce costly errors resulting from perceptual inference - the facing-the-viewer (FTV) bias. When compatible, the two biases reinforced each other to enhance the bias strength and induced less perceptual reversals relative to when they were in conflict. Whereas in the conflicting condition, the biases competed with each other, with the dominant percept varying with visual cues that modulate the two biases separately in opposite directions. Crucially, the way the two biases interact does not depend on the dominant bias at the individual level, and cannot be accounted for by a single bias alone. These findings provide compelling evidence that humans robustly integrate biases with different adaptive functions in visual perception. It may be evolutionarily advantageous to dynamically reweight diverse biases in the sensory context to resolve perceptual ambiguity.

DOI10.1038/srep42018
Indexed BySCI ; SSCI
Language英语
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China(31100733 ; Chinese Academy of Sciences(XDB02010003 ; 31525011) ; QYZDB-SSW-SMC030)
WOS Research AreaScience & Technology - Other Topics
WOS SubjectMultidisciplinary Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000393372900001
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology
WOS KeywordPOINT-LIGHT ACTIONS ; BIOLOGICAL-MOTION FIGURES ; ERROR MANAGEMENT ; IN-DEPTH ; PERSPECTIVE ; ORIENTATION ; AMBIGUITY ; CONSTRAINTS ; ASYMMETRY ; KNOWLEDGE
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/21201
Collection脑与认知科学国家重点实验室
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, CAS Ctr Excellence Brain Sci & Intelligence Techn, State Key Lab Brain & Cognit Sci, 16 Lincui Rd, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, 19A Yuquan Rd, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhang, Xue,Xu, Qian,Jiang, Yi,et al. The interaction of perceptual biases in bistable perception[J]. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS,2017,7(42018):1-8.
APA Zhang, Xue,Xu, Qian,Jiang, Yi,&Wang, Ying.(2017).The interaction of perceptual biases in bistable perception.SCIENTIFIC REPORTS,7(42018),1-8.
MLA Zhang, Xue,et al."The interaction of perceptual biases in bistable perception".SCIENTIFIC REPORTS 7.42018(2017):1-8.
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