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A Meta-Analysis of Working Memory Impairments in Autism Spectrum Disorders
Wang, Ya1,2; Zhang, Yi-bing3; Liu, Lu-lu1,4; Cui, Ji-fang5; Wang, Jing3; Shum, David H. K.6,7; van Amelsvoort, Therese8; Chan, Raymond C. K.1; Ya Wang
2017-03-01
Source PublicationNEUROPSYCHOLOGY REVIEW
Correspondent Emailwangyazsu@gmail.com
ISSN1040-7308
SubtypeReview
Volume27Issue:1Pages:46-61
Abstract

Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are characterized by executive dysfunction, and working memory (WM) comprises one core component of executive function. Many studies have investigated WM impairments in individuals with ASD, however, a conclusive agreement has not been reached. The present study provided a meta-analytic review of WM impairments in individuals with ASD and evaluated potential moderating variables of this problem. Twenty-eight studies were included in this study, and the participants comprised 819 individuals with ASD and 875 healthy controls. A significant WM impairment (Cohen's d = -0.61) was identified in the individuals with ASD, however, this impairment was not associated with age. Results of moderation analyses showed that (a) spatial WM was more severely impaired than verbal WM and (b) the component of cognitive processing (maintenance vs. maintenance plus manipulation) did not affect the severity of WM impairments. These findings suggest that WM is impaired in individuals with ASD and may have implications for interventions related to WM impairments in these individuals.

KeywordWorking memory Autism spectrum disorders Meta-analysis Moderator
DOI10.1007/s11065-016-9336-y
Indexed BySCI ; SSCI
Language英语
Funding OrganizationNational Science Foundation of China(31571130 ; Youth Innovation Promotion Association Funding of Chinese Academy of Sciences(Y1CX131003) ; Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences(113000C136) ; Beijing Training Project for the Leading Talents in S T(Z151100000315020) ; CAS/SAFEA International Partnership Programme for Creative Research Teams(Y2CX131003) ; 81571317)
WOS Research AreaPsychology ; Neurosciences & Neurology
WOS SubjectPsychology, Clinical ; Neurosciences
WOS IDWOS:000396633500004
WOS HeadingsSocial Sciences ; Science & Technology ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine
WOS KeywordHIGH-FUNCTIONING AUTISM ; DIAGNOSTIC OBSERVATION SCHEDULE ; SCHOOL-AGE-CHILDREN ; EXECUTIVE FUNCTIONS ; IMPAIRED MEMORY ; ASPERGER SYNDROME ; SOCIAL DEFICITS ; ADULTS ; BRAIN ; DYSFUNCTION
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/21237
Collection中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorYa Wang
Affiliation1.Inst Psychol, CAS Key Lab Mental Hlth, Neuropsychol & Appl Cognit Neurosci Lab, Beijing, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.China Youth Univ Polit Sci, Dept Youth Work, Beijing, Peoples R China
4.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
5.Natl Inst Educ Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
6.Griffith Univ, Menzies Hlth Inst Queensland, Gold Coast, Australia
7.Griffith Univ, Sch Appl Psychol, Gold Coast, Australia
8.Maastricht Univ, Dept Psychiat & Psychol, Maastricht, Netherlands
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wang, Ya,Zhang, Yi-bing,Liu, Lu-lu,et al. A Meta-Analysis of Working Memory Impairments in Autism Spectrum Disorders[J]. NEUROPSYCHOLOGY REVIEW,2017,27(1):46-61.
APA Wang, Ya.,Zhang, Yi-bing.,Liu, Lu-lu.,Cui, Ji-fang.,Wang, Jing.,...&Ya Wang.(2017).A Meta-Analysis of Working Memory Impairments in Autism Spectrum Disorders.NEUROPSYCHOLOGY REVIEW,27(1),46-61.
MLA Wang, Ya,et al."A Meta-Analysis of Working Memory Impairments in Autism Spectrum Disorders".NEUROPSYCHOLOGY REVIEW 27.1(2017):46-61.
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