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A Meta-Analysis of Working Memory Impairments in Autism Spectrum Disorders
Wang, Ya1,2; Zhang, Yi-bing3; Liu, Lu-lu1,4; Cui, Ji-fang5; Wang, Jing3; Shum, David H. K.6,7; van Amelsvoort, Therese8; Chan, Raymond C. K.1; Ya Wang
2017-03-01
发表期刊NEUROPSYCHOLOGY REVIEW
通讯作者邮箱wangyazsu@gmail.com
ISSN1040-7308
文章类型Review
卷号27期号:1页码:46-61
摘要

Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are characterized by executive dysfunction, and working memory (WM) comprises one core component of executive function. Many studies have investigated WM impairments in individuals with ASD, however, a conclusive agreement has not been reached. The present study provided a meta-analytic review of WM impairments in individuals with ASD and evaluated potential moderating variables of this problem. Twenty-eight studies were included in this study, and the participants comprised 819 individuals with ASD and 875 healthy controls. A significant WM impairment (Cohen's d = -0.61) was identified in the individuals with ASD, however, this impairment was not associated with age. Results of moderation analyses showed that (a) spatial WM was more severely impaired than verbal WM and (b) the component of cognitive processing (maintenance vs. maintenance plus manipulation) did not affect the severity of WM impairments. These findings suggest that WM is impaired in individuals with ASD and may have implications for interventions related to WM impairments in these individuals.

关键词Working memory Autism spectrum disorders Meta-analysis Moderator
DOI10.1007/s11065-016-9336-y
收录类别SCI ; SSCI
语种英语
项目资助者National Science Foundation of China(31571130 ; Youth Innovation Promotion Association Funding of Chinese Academy of Sciences(Y1CX131003) ; Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences(113000C136) ; Beijing Training Project for the Leading Talents in S T(Z151100000315020) ; CAS/SAFEA International Partnership Programme for Creative Research Teams(Y2CX131003) ; 81571317)
WOS研究方向Psychology ; Neurosciences & Neurology
WOS类目Psychology, Clinical ; Neurosciences
WOS记录号WOS:000396633500004
WOS标题词Social Sciences ; Science & Technology ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine
关键词[WOS]HIGH-FUNCTIONING AUTISM ; DIAGNOSTIC OBSERVATION SCHEDULE ; SCHOOL-AGE-CHILDREN ; EXECUTIVE FUNCTIONS ; IMPAIRED MEMORY ; ASPERGER SYNDROME ; SOCIAL DEFICITS ; ADULTS ; BRAIN ; DYSFUNCTION
引用统计
被引频次:7[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/21237
专题中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
通讯作者Ya Wang
作者单位1.Inst Psychol, CAS Key Lab Mental Hlth, Neuropsychol & Appl Cognit Neurosci Lab, Beijing, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.China Youth Univ Polit Sci, Dept Youth Work, Beijing, Peoples R China
4.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
5.Natl Inst Educ Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
6.Griffith Univ, Menzies Hlth Inst Queensland, Gold Coast, Australia
7.Griffith Univ, Sch Appl Psychol, Gold Coast, Australia
8.Maastricht Univ, Dept Psychiat & Psychol, Maastricht, Netherlands
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
Wang, Ya,Zhang, Yi-bing,Liu, Lu-lu,et al. A Meta-Analysis of Working Memory Impairments in Autism Spectrum Disorders[J]. NEUROPSYCHOLOGY REVIEW,2017,27(1):46-61.
APA Wang, Ya.,Zhang, Yi-bing.,Liu, Lu-lu.,Cui, Ji-fang.,Wang, Jing.,...&Ya Wang.(2017).A Meta-Analysis of Working Memory Impairments in Autism Spectrum Disorders.NEUROPSYCHOLOGY REVIEW,27(1),46-61.
MLA Wang, Ya,et al."A Meta-Analysis of Working Memory Impairments in Autism Spectrum Disorders".NEUROPSYCHOLOGY REVIEW 27.1(2017):46-61.
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