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Disowning the self: The cultural value of modesty can attenuate selfpositivity
Shi, Yuanyuan1,2,3; Sedikides, Constantine3; Cai, Huajian1; Liu, Yunzhi1,2; Yang, Ziyan1,2; Huajian Cai
2017
Source PublicationQUARTERLY JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY
Correspondent Emailcaihj@psych.ac.cn
ISSN1747-0218
SubtypeArticle
Volume70Issue:6Pages:1023-1032
Abstract

Western participants endorse a higher number of positive traits as self-descriptive, but endorse a lower number of negative traits as self-descriptive. They also respond quicker to categorize positive traits as self-descriptive, but respond slower to categorize negative traits as self-descriptive. Is this self-positivity bias qualified by the cultural value of modesty? We induced modesty (vs. punctuality) and assessed self-descriptiveness judgments and response times among Chinese participants. We replicated the self-positivity bias in regards to both self-descriptiveness judgments and response times. In the case of self-descriptiveness judgments, however, the bias was partially qualified by modesty. Relative to control participants, those in the modesty condition endorsed fewer positive traits as self-descriptive and manifested a tendency toward endorsing more negative traits as self-descriptive. In the case of response times, the self-positivity bias was unqualified by modesty. Within both conditions, participants were quicker to categorize positive traits as self-descriptive and were slower to categorize negative traits as self-descriptive. The results speak to the relation between the self-positivity bias and the self-reference effect and illustrate the malleability of self-processing.

KeywordModesty Self-positivity Self-reference effect Self-processing Culture Chinese culture
DOI10.1080/17470218.2015.1099711
Indexed BySCI ; SSCI
Language英语
Funding OrganizationNational Social Science Foundation of China(13ZD073) ; National Science Foundation of China(31571148)
WOS Research AreaPsychology ; Physiology
WOS SubjectPsychology, Biological ; Physiology ; Psychology ; Psychology, Experimental
WOS IDWOS:000396823500004
WOS HeadingsSocial Sciences ; Science & Technology ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine
WOS KeywordCOLLECTIVE SELF ; PERSONAL INFORMATION ; NEGATIVE TRAITS ; INDIVIDUAL SELF ; MEMORY BIASES ; ENHANCEMENT ; SEARCH ; METAANALYSIS ; BRAIN ; ADJECTIVES
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Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/21253
Collection社会与工程心理学研究室
Corresponding AuthorHuajian Cai
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, 16 Lincui Rd, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Univ Southampton, Dept Psychol, Southampton, Hants, England
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Shi, Yuanyuan,Sedikides, Constantine,Cai, Huajian,et al. Disowning the self: The cultural value of modesty can attenuate selfpositivity[J]. QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY,2017,70(6):1023-1032.
APA Shi, Yuanyuan,Sedikides, Constantine,Cai, Huajian,Liu, Yunzhi,Yang, Ziyan,&Huajian Cai.(2017).Disowning the self: The cultural value of modesty can attenuate selfpositivity.QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY,70(6),1023-1032.
MLA Shi, Yuanyuan,et al."Disowning the self: The cultural value of modesty can attenuate selfpositivity".QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY 70.6(2017):1023-1032.
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