The JOBS model has been developed by researchers from Michigan Prevention Research Center, Institute for Social Research at the University of Michigan, USA to serve as an intervention program for recruitment into, delivery of, and evaluation of a job-search, skill- enhancement workshop for unemployed job-seekers. The JOBS program has the dual goals of promoting re-employment and enhancing coping capabilities for the unemployed and their families. Based on needs analysis, an experiment vs. a control group follow-up trials study was designed to evaluate the impact of implementing JOBS program on Chinese unemployed.
The results showed that people who were in the JOBS program had a higher re-employment rate than their counterparts from the control group. While no better quality of job was observed comparing the re-employed from experiment and control group. When job satisfaction, monthly income and comparative monthly income to last job were used as measures for the quality of job, the re-employed from the JOBS group showed no better sign than those from the control group.
In addition, the JOBS program had positive impact on the unemployed who did not succeed in finding a job when the data were collected at time2. Out of those not re-employed, the unemployed from the . experiment group demonstrated reduced depressive episodes, reduced financial strain, increased social support both from and to the spouse, while it's something not observable in the control group.
The impact of the JOBS program on spouse can also be noticed by seeing the change on spouse depression index, perceived social undermining from job seeker to spouse, and social support to job seeker along the positive direction.
The interaction among job loss caused financial strain, spouse depression, spouse social support and social undermining to the jobs seeker and the job seeker's depression factors was also being discussed. A tested model confirmed our view on the mediating and key role that the spouse can play in supporting job seeker together to go through successfully the difficult job loss transition period.