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Is the bias for function-based explanations culturally universal? Children from China endorse teleological explanations of natural phenomena
Schachner, Adena1; Zhu, Liqi2; Li, Jing2; Kelemen, Deborah3; A. Schachner
第一作者Schachner, Adena
2017-05-01
发表期刊JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL CHILD PSYCHOLOGY
通讯作者邮箱schachner@ucsd.edu
ISSN0022-0965
文章类型Article
卷号157期号:0页码:29-48
产权排序2
摘要

Young children in Western cultures tend to endorse teleological (function-based) explanations broadly across many domains, even when scientifically unwarranted. For instance, in contrast to Western adults, they explicitly endorse the idea that mountains were created for climbing, just like hats were created for warmth. Is this bias a product of culture or a product of universal aspects of human cognition? In two studies, we explored whether adults and children in Mainland China, a highly secular, non-Western culture, show a bias for teleological explanations. When explaining both object properties (Experiment 1) and origins (Experiment 2), we found evidence that they do. Whereas Chinese adults restricted teleological explanations to scientifically warranted cases, Chinese children endorsed them more broadly, extending them across different kinds of natural phenomena. This bias decreased with rising grade level across first, second, and fourth grades. Overall, these data provide evidence that children's bias for teleological explanations is not solely a product of Western Abrahamic cultures. Instead, it extends to other cultures, including the East Asian secular culture of modern-day China This suggests that the bias for function-based explanations may be driven by universal aspects of human cognition. (C) 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

关键词Cognitive development Cross-cultural Teleology Religion Relational reasoning Explanation
DOI10.1016/j.jecp.2016.12.006
URL查看原文
收录类别SSCI
语种英语
项目资助者Templeton World Charity Foundation(TTWCFF0020-WP1) ; National Institutes of Health (NIH) Ruth L. Kirschstein National Research Service Award from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development(5F32HD075570)
WOS研究方向Psychology
WOS类目Psychology, Developmental ; Psychology, Experimental
WOS记录号WOS:000394628100003
WOS标题词Social Sciences
关键词[WOS]COGNITIVE-DEVELOPMENT ; FOLK RELIGION ; INFANTS ; DESIGN ; ADULTS ; WORLD ; PREFERENCE ; ARTIFACTS ; BELIEFS ; SCIENCE
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文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/21301
专题认知与发展心理学研究室
通讯作者A. Schachner
作者单位1.Univ Calif San Diego, Dept Psychol, La Jolla, CA 92093 USA
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
3.Boston Univ, Dept Psychol & Brain Sci, Boston, MA 02215 USA
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Schachner, Adena,Zhu, Liqi,Li, Jing,et al. Is the bias for function-based explanations culturally universal? Children from China endorse teleological explanations of natural phenomena[J]. JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL CHILD PSYCHOLOGY,2017,157(0):29-48.
APA Schachner, Adena,Zhu, Liqi,Li, Jing,Kelemen, Deborah,&A. Schachner.(2017).Is the bias for function-based explanations culturally universal? Children from China endorse teleological explanations of natural phenomena.JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL CHILD PSYCHOLOGY,157(0),29-48.
MLA Schachner, Adena,et al."Is the bias for function-based explanations culturally universal? Children from China endorse teleological explanations of natural phenomena".JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL CHILD PSYCHOLOGY 157.0(2017):29-48.
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