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The Enhancing Effect of Overconfidence on Subsequent Learning Performance: Potential Mediation Effects of Dissatisfaction and Effort
Bi, Yanling1,2; Liu, Pei1,2; Li, Shu3; Zhang, Baoshan1,2; Shu Li
2017-04-01
发表期刊JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL DECISION MAKING
通讯作者邮箱lishu@psych.ac.cn
ISSN0894-3257
文章类型Article
卷号30期号:2页码:555-568
摘要

Three studies were conducted to investigate whether individuals whose performance on a learning task fell short of their previous overconfident self-assessment would apply more effort on a subsequent task to resolve their dissatisfaction and thereby achieve better subsequent performance than individuals who made accurate or underconfident self-assessments. Specifically, Study 1 and Study 2 used overestimation, and Study 3 used overplacement to predict subsequent performance by measuring students' self-assessments before the first task, their level of dissatisfaction with their actual performance on that task, the effort they applied in learning, and their performance on the subsequent task. Furthermore, Study 3 divided the participants randomly into a false feedback group (the control group) and a real feedback group (the experimental group). The results showed that when controlling for prior performance, participants who were more overconfident tended to express greater dissatisfaction and increase more effort to achieve their desired outcomes when they perceived a gap between their desired performance and their actual performance. Notably, they achieved better subsequent performance, whereas those in the control group who were overconfident neither applied more effort in subsequent learning nor increased their subsequent performance when they received "unbiased feedback." The implications of these findings for education are discussed. Copyright (C) 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

关键词Overconfidence Dissatisfaction Effort Performance Subsequent Performance
DOI10.1002/bdm.1974
收录类别SSCI
语种英语
项目资助者MOE (Ministry of Education in China) Project of Humanities and Social Sciences(14XJC190001) ; National Natural Science Foundation of China(31400907 ; 31200778 ; 31170976)
WOS研究方向Psychology
WOS类目Psychology, Applied
WOS记录号WOS:000397999600034
WOS标题词Social Sciences
关键词[WOS]HIGH-SCHOOL-STUDENTS ; POSITIVE SELF-VIEWS ; ACADEMIC-PERFORMANCE ; EMOTIONAL-REACTIONS ; OWN INCOMPETENCE ; EXPECTATIONS ; MOTIVATION ; COSTS ; ENHANCEMENT ; ASSESSMENTS
引用统计
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/21328
专题中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
通讯作者Shu Li
作者单位1.Shaanxi Normal Univ, Sch Psychol, 199 South Changan Rd, Xian 710062, Peoples R China
2.Shaanxi Prov Key Lab Behav & Cognit Neurosci, Xian, Peoples R China
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
Bi, Yanling,Liu, Pei,Li, Shu,et al. The Enhancing Effect of Overconfidence on Subsequent Learning Performance: Potential Mediation Effects of Dissatisfaction and Effort[J]. JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL DECISION MAKING,2017,30(2):555-568.
APA Bi, Yanling,Liu, Pei,Li, Shu,Zhang, Baoshan,&Shu Li.(2017).The Enhancing Effect of Overconfidence on Subsequent Learning Performance: Potential Mediation Effects of Dissatisfaction and Effort.JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL DECISION MAKING,30(2),555-568.
MLA Bi, Yanling,et al."The Enhancing Effect of Overconfidence on Subsequent Learning Performance: Potential Mediation Effects of Dissatisfaction and Effort".JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL DECISION MAKING 30.2(2017):555-568.
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