PSYCH OpenIR  > 社会与工程心理学研究室
Alternative TitleThe Effectsof Personality and Its Similarity onthe Emerging Adults’ Friendship

本研究选取四个班共166名大一新生。在1学年的时间内完成3次测试。测量工具为John and Srivastava(1999)的大五人格量表,使用循环设计测量个体与班级各个成员的在现实生活中与在线社交网站上的沟通频率。

Other Abstract

The construction and maintenance of interpersonal relationship is one of the core contents of human socialization development. Foremerging adults, friendship can have far-reaching effects on their independence development, identity cognition and conflict resolution.With the popularity of the Internet, emerging adultsare also used to socialize through computer-mediated communication, especially on Social Networking Sites. Personality is a very important factor in the construction of interpersonal relationship. Based on this, this study attempts to explorehow personality and its consistencyaffect emerging adults’ friendshipfrom the standpoint of relationship development and dynamic social networkevolution, from the standpoint of offline and online network.
Participants comprised 166college freshmenfrom 4 classes, they finished a 3-wave test during oneschoolyear. We adoptedJohn and Srivastava’s (1999) Big Five personality trait inventory. Round-robin design was used to measure the communication frequency between group members both offline and online.
Study 1 aimedto explore how personality affect the initiation and the development of a friendship by hieratical linear models.Results showed thatthere was a negative effect of quadratic conscientiousness and extraversion on the friendship initialization, a negative effect of quadratic agreeableness, quadratic conscientiousness and quadratic neuroticism on the friendship development. Study2aimedtoexplore the personality effect on the offline friend selection from the dynamic social network perspective. Results showed that therewas a positive selectioneffect of extraversion, a negative selectioneffect of openness,positive alter effects of openness and agreeableness, negative being selectedeffects of extraversion and conscientiousness. Additionally,there was apositive similarity effect of extraversion, agreeableness and openness.Study 3aimedto explorethe personality effect on theonline friend selection from the dynamic social network perspective. Resultsshowed thatthere werepositiveselection effects of agreeableness, conscientiousnessand neuroticism, negative selection effects of openness, positive being selectedeffect of openness, and negativebeing selectedeffects of extraversion and conscientiousness. 
Conclusion:The rolesof personality traits are distinctiveduringtheinitializationand developmentof friendshipandduring the construction ofonline and offline friendship.

Keyword大五人格 始成年期 同伴关系 在线朋友关系 社会网络分析
Degree Discipline应用心理学
Degree Grantor中国科学院研究生院
Place of Conferral北京
Document Type学位论文
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
周奕欣. 人格及其相似性对始成年期友谊的影响[D]. 北京. 中国科学院研究生院,2017.
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