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认知地图的神经环路基础
Alternative TitleNeural Circuit Basis of Cognitive Map
王琳1,2,3; 王亮1,2,3
First Author王琳
2017
Source Publication生物化学与生物物理进展
Correspondent Emaillwang@psych.ac.cn
ISSN1000-3282
Subtype期刊论文
Volume44Issue:3Pages:187-197
Contribution Rank2
Abstract

空间记忆是人类认识世界和改造世界的基本认知能力,与我们的生活息息相关.无论是寻找常用的生活物件,如钥匙和手机,还是外出上班、购物和约会,都依赖我们对周围环境的记忆.截止到目前已有大量研究从不同水平探讨大脑如何表征其周围环境,但仍然有很多未解的问题.本文系统综述了基于脑成像和神经电生理技术开展的空间记忆研究进展.通过梳理以往研究中有关生物体在构建认知地图的神经结构和神经活动规律,提出了海马结构和新皮层对空间记忆的编码环路和表征机制,并在此基础上对未来研究进行了展望.

Other Abstract

Spatial memory is one of basic cognitive abilities for human to explore the world. It is ubiquitous in our thinking and speaking about our living environment. We essentially rely on spatial knowledge about the external environment not only when finding the objects (e.g., keys and cell phones), but also when shopping, working or dating. Given that special memory plays fundamental and important roles in daily life, it is vital to characterize how the brain represents the environment. Using fMRI and electrophysiological techniques to date, many studies have investigated spatial memory processing and neural mechanisms of hippocampus formation and neocortex. In this review, we focus on the key questions about how the brain constructs the cognitive map and which neural circuits are involved for this processing. Future studies to explore neural basis of human spatial memory will need to be highly interdisciplinary and integrative, and may contribute to the diagnosis and intervention of cognitive disorders.

Keyword空间记忆 认知地图 海马结构 神经环路 神经振荡
Subject Area认知心理学
DOIDOI:10.16476/j.pibb.2017.0016
URL查看原文
Indexed ByCSCD
Language中文
Funding Organization国家自然科学基金(81371631,81422024) ; 中组部青年千人计划(Y5CX092009) ; 中科院百人计划(Y3CX022003) ; 北京市科技新星计划(Z141110001814068)资助项目
CSCD IDCSCD:5948636
Citation statistics
Cited Times:1[CSCD]   [CSCD Record]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/21351
Collection健康与遗传心理学研究室
Corresponding Author王亮
Affiliation1.中国科学院心理健康重点实验室(中国科学院心理研究所)
2.中国科学院脑科学与智能技术卓越创新中心
3.中国科学院大学心理系
First Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Mental Health, CAS
Corresponding Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Mental Health, CAS
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
王琳,王亮. 认知地图的神经环路基础[J]. 生物化学与生物物理进展,2017,44(3):187-197.
APA 王琳,&王亮.(2017).认知地图的神经环路基础.生物化学与生物物理进展,44(3),187-197.
MLA 王琳,et al."认知地图的神经环路基础".生物化学与生物物理进展 44.3(2017):187-197.
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