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Alternative TitlePosttraumatic stress symptoms and related factors among preschool children who experienced the Ludian earthquake
程锦1,2; 刘正奎2
First Author程锦
Source Publication中国心理卫生杂志
Contribution Rank1



Objective: To explore the prevalence of posttraumatic stress symptoms among preschool children and its related factors after the Ludian earthquake. Methods: A total of 62 children's guardians were visited. They were interviewed with the Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Semi-Structured Interview for Infants and the Young Children and the Child Behavior Checklist-Posttraumatic Stress Disorder scale (CBCL-PTSD) consisted of 15 items from the CBCL. All of the participantsresided in Longtoushan settlement and Longtoushan town (the epicenter) . They were randomly visited from west to east in that region. Results: The rate of scored 9 ( or more) on the CBCL-PTSD among children was 51.9% (27/52) in 1 -2 months after the earthquake. However, based on the Semi-Structured Interview, the rate of the children" s posttranmatic stress symptoms was 26.9 % (14/52) . The numbers of posttraumatie stress symptoms, intrusion symptoms, avoidance symptoms, hyperarousal symptoms, the new symptoms and the CBCL-PTSD scores were positively correlated (0. 30 - 0. 73, P 〈 0.05 ), except the relation between intrusion symptoms and hyperarousal symptoms. The rate of intrusion symptoms was significant higher among those who experienced earthquake than those who didn't (96. 2% vs. 60. 0%, P 〈0. 01 ) . And the rate of intrusion symptoms was also higher among those who was injured during the earthquake than those who wasn't (100% vs. 84. 6%, P 〈0. 05) . And the other symptoms were not difference in children under different conditions (P 〉 0. 005 ) . Conclusion: The preschool children who experienced earthquake or were injured suffer more posttraumatic stress symptoms.

Keyword学龄前儿童 创伤暴露 创伤后应激症状
Subject Area健康心理学
DOI10. 3969 / j. issn. 1000 - 6729. 2017. 03. 009
Indexed ByCSCD
Citation statistics
Cited Times:1[CSCD]   [CSCD Record]
Document Type期刊论文
Corresponding Author刘正奎
First Author AffilicationInstitute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Corresponding Author AffilicationInstitute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
程锦,刘正奎. 鲁甸地震灾区学龄前儿童创伤后应激症状及其相关因素[J]. 中国心理卫生杂志,2017,31(3):225-229.
APA 程锦,&刘正奎.(2017).鲁甸地震灾区学龄前儿童创伤后应激症状及其相关因素.中国心理卫生杂志,31(3),225-229.
MLA 程锦,et al."鲁甸地震灾区学龄前儿童创伤后应激症状及其相关因素".中国心理卫生杂志 31.3(2017):225-229.
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