PSYCH OpenIR  > 认知与发展心理学研究室
Alternative TitleThe semantic component of the short functional depiction affects categorization of the ambiguous naturally formed object
王哲1; 严璘璘1; 孙宇浩1; 傅小兰2,3
First Author王哲
Correspondent ;
Contribution Rank2



Artifacts(e.g., chair, desk, books) are closely related with peoples' daily life. Evidences have been accumulated from behavior experiment, brain damage patient, and neural functional imaging to show that the cognitive neural processing mechanisms are different for artifacts and natural kinds. The intention-based model assumes that people categorize an objects' by reasoning the creator's intent. Evidence for this model are about "intended function" effect in categorization, naming, and reasoning studies. However, the utility-based model assumes that using-goal is determining how people categorize an object. The interaction between people and objects make object's properties related the using-goal so that the semantic organization of an artifact concept is coherent. This model can explain evidence from study on both intended function and non-intended function. From a third-party perspective, the commonalty of these two models is that they are both purpose-based and the key difference between them is that the creator's versus the user's purpose influences artifact concept's categorization and reasoning. Previous studies used a natural language depiction-based free naming task but seldom separate syntactic component from the semantic component in these depictions. In this study, we recruited 96 participants and manipulated the plausibility of 6 objects' function by creating plausible and implausible versions of function depiction to explore how the plausibility of an object's function affects participants' categorization judgment. The study had two key findings: The plausibility of an object's function affects participants' naming, rating, and reasoning of an artifact. Participants categorize ambiguous depictions of objects as artifacts when objects' function is plausible and categorize them as natural kinds when their function is implausible. The correlation analysis showed that the more plausible an object's function is the higher possibility that participants categorize it as an artifact. In summary, presenting the semantic component of an object's function make ambiguous object categorized more as artifacts. Wang et al. found the role effect which showed that positive role word "you" can illuminate object history effect on categorization judgment. Namely, the role word can affect both the amount of function listed and the object categorization. These findings suggest that role word, object function, and categorization judgment are in a linear mediation relation: role word activate object function, and object function activation categorization judgment. In this current study, we directly probe and proved that the semantic component of object function has effect on artifact concept processing. If with the assumption that both the object man-made formation history and the second person role word can activate object function, then the purpose-based theory can explain both the formation effect and the role effect indicating that the two effects have a common mediating step: first to activate object's function, then have effect on next cognitive output. Therefore, this point developed the purpose-based model.

Keyword人造物 分类 功能 意图
Subject Area认知心理学
Source Publication科学通报
Indexed ByCSCD ; 中文核心期刊要目总览
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Corresponding Author孙宇浩; 傅小兰
Corresponding Author AffilicationInstitute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
王哲,严璘璘,孙宇浩,等. 功能短句的语义成分对两可自然物体分类的影响[J]. 科学通报,2017,62(5):394-399.
APA 王哲,严璘璘,孙宇浩,&傅小兰.(2017).功能短句的语义成分对两可自然物体分类的影响.科学通报,62(5),394-399.
MLA 王哲,et al."功能短句的语义成分对两可自然物体分类的影响".科学通报 62.5(2017):394-399.
Files in This Item:
File Name/Size DocType Version Access License
功能短句的语义成分对两可自然物体分类的影(1171KB)期刊论文出版稿限制开放CC BY-NC-SAApplication Full Text
Related Services
Recommend this item
Usage statistics
Export to Endnote
Google Scholar
Similar articles in Google Scholar
[王哲]'s Articles
[严璘璘]'s Articles
[孙宇浩]'s Articles
Baidu academic
Similar articles in Baidu academic
[王哲]'s Articles
[严璘璘]'s Articles
[孙宇浩]'s Articles
Bing Scholar
Similar articles in Bing Scholar
[王哲]'s Articles
[严璘璘]'s Articles
[孙宇浩]'s Articles
Terms of Use
No data!
Social Bookmark/Share
All comments (0)
No comment.

Items in the repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.