PSYCH OpenIR  > 健康与遗传心理学研究室
情绪效价对错误记忆影响的 年龄差异:来自行为与 ERP 的证据
Alternative TitleAge Differences in the Effect of Emotional Valence for False Memory: Evidence from Behavior and ERP
Thesis Advisor李娟
Degree Grantor中国科学院研究生院
Place of Conferral北京
Degree Discipline应用心理
Keyword错误记忆 情绪效价 年龄差异 回想-拒绝 提取后监控 事件相关电位

结果:1.正性诱饵增加老年人错误记忆产生,负性诱饵抑制错误记忆产生。在行为成绩上,老年人正性条件下错误记忆高于中性与负性刺激,负性条件下错误记忆成绩低于中性与正性条件; 在年轻组仅发现负性条件下错误记忆成绩低于中性与正性条件。脑电结果显示正确再认的旧刺激(以下称为旧刺激)和错误再认的诱饵刺激(以下称为诱饵刺激)诱发了幅度相当的后期顶区负性新旧效应,提示老年人可能是由于提取后监控过程受损导致无法区分旧刺激和诱饵刺激, 从而产生了错误记忆;年轻组在负性条件下,旧刺激和诱饵刺激均诱发了左侧顶区新旧效应,结合文献,我们推测该效应是回想-拒绝加工过程相联系的。2.情绪性材料对正确记忆有促进作用,老年人在行为成绩上情绪性材料高于非情绪性条件;年轻人行为成绩上未发现差异,但脑电结果提示情绪对记忆有促进。

Other Abstract

Objective: False memory occurs when a remembered event either never occurred or the memory differs substantially from reality. It is a common phenomenon in human memory. Compared with young people, old people are more susceptible to false memories and are more vulnerable to the interference of misleading information. In daily life, we experience a lot of emotional events instead of  neutral  events. These emotional information has what effect on false memories, and whether this effect is different for young people and old people. It is a problem worthy of studying. Research about age differences in the effect of emotional valence for false memory is rare, and the results are mixed. There is also lack of discussion of the cognitive neural mechanism for age differences in  the effect of emotional valence for false memory. The present thesis aimed to explore the behavior differences and neurocognitive mechanism underlying the age differences in the effect of emotional valence for false memory.
Method: Use emotional and nonemotional pictures as the experimental stimulus, and use category associate paradigm to induce false memory. The electroencephalogram (EEG) was recorded, and the contribution of familiarity, recollection and post-retrieval processes to both correct and false memory were qualified by the ERPs old/new effects. By comparing false memory in different emotional valence and the contribution of those ERPs old/new effects, to examine emotional valence of age differences in the effect of false memory.
Results: 1.Positive  lures  increased  false memory in old people, while negative lures suppressed false memory. For behavior performance, positive conditions induced more false memory than other two valence conditions in old people, and negative conditions induced more false memory than other two valence conditions in young people. For old people under the condition of positive stimulus, both targets and critical lures evoked a late parietal negative old/new effect, suggested that they have difficult to distinct targets and lures because of impaired post-retrieval processes; For young people under the condition of negative stimulus, both targets and lures evoked a left parietal old/new effect, combined with other research, we suggested this was because of the recall-to- reject strategy. 2. Emotional materials have promoting effect to the correct memory, the elderly had better performance in emotional materials than nonemotional ones; No difference was found on the young people behavior performance, but emotional targets evoked a left parietal old/new effect while nonemotional targets did not.
Conclusions:  Emotion has an impact on false memories, and this effect has age differences. Age difference may be due to different processing ways of old people and young people. In addition, the results of the study provides supporting evidence of the positive bias of old people from the perspective of false memories.

Document Type学位论文
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
郎敏佳. 情绪效价对错误记忆影响的 年龄差异:来自行为与 ERP 的证据[D]. 北京. 中国科学院研究生院,2017.
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