Postmodern psychology emerges under the influence of postmodern philosophy. Theneed for power and the change in perspectives of language and knowledge, makes counselors more concerned about the role of themselves and the way of counseling. Collaborative dialogue therapy, as a major view in postmodern psychological therapies, emphasizes the collaborative relationship between counselors and clients, and attaches importance to the way in which counselors and clients find solutions together via conversations. Collaborative dialogue therapy has proven to be able to produce good counseling results. However, we can hardly find empirical studies related to collaborative dialogue therapy. The lack of measurement tools associated with collaborative dialogue therapy maybe one of the reasons for this situation. The main purpose of this study is to explore the counselors’ collaborative dialogue attitude, and develop a collaborative dialogue attitude inventory.
Study one is a qualitative study. Based on the method of behavior event interview, we conducted interviews with 10 collaborative dialogue counsellors, and coded the contents of interviews based on the coding manual to form the main characteristics of collaborative dialogue attitude. The interviews were recorded in a total of 150747 words, with 156 coding of effective information, and ultimately formatted 12 characteristics of collaborative dialogue attitude. Combined with the theory and case analysis, we suggests that these characteristics can show the concept of collaborative dialogue attitude completely.
Based on the conclusion of study one, we developed a collaborative dialogue attitude inventory and tested its reliability and validity in study two. Through the multi-round screening and collation of the previous interview material, combined with the theory of collaborative dialogue, a total of 36 items were prepared in the initial version of the inventory. Through the item analysis and EFA of 157 valid questionnaires, the final version of the inventory with three dimensions of 12 items was obtained.
The inventory was found to have high reliability and sound initial validity through the analyst of the 141 valid questionnaires of the final version. The reliability tests include internal consistency reliability, split-half reliability and retest reliability, and the validity tests include content validity, construct validity and criterion-related validity. And the result showed the inventory did not correlate with social desirability. The tests proved that the self-made collaborative dialogue attitude inventory is performed well by statistical measurement.
In summary, we had the following conclusions:
(1) Through interviews with collaborative dialogue counselors, the characteristics of collaborative dialogue attitude includes: to become a dialogue partner, to believe that the clients are their experts, not-knowing, respect, to believe consultants are experts in building relationships, concentrate on listening and understanding, and so on. The characteristics based on the interviews are consistent with collaborative dialogue theory and foreign research.
(2) The self-made collaborative dialogue attitude inventory had three dimensions of
items. The three dimensions were named to inviting inquiry, equal view and believe clients are their experts. Self-made collaborative dialogue attitude inventory has good reliability and validity, and can be used as a measurement tool for assessing the counselors' collaborative dialogue attitude.
We used qualitative and quantitative research methods in this study, and developed an inventory to measure the psychological counselors’ collaborative dialogue attitude. On the one hand, the inventory can help to promote relevant research of collaborative dialogue therapy, on the other hand, the inventory can be used as a self-assessment of collaborative dialogue attitude for the counselors, and can provide a reference for the training, assessment and supervision of collaborative dialogue therap. We supposed the inventory has a certain theory and practical value.