PSYCH OpenIR  > 健康与遗传心理学研究室
Alternative TitleAdolescents’ Sleep Problems and Its Relationship with Internalizing Problems: A Twin Study
Thesis Advisor陈祉妍
Degree Grantor中国科学院研究生院
Place of Conferral北京
Degree Discipline应用心理学
Keyword青少年 睡眠 焦虑 抑郁 遗传 环境

本研究采用行为遗传学的双生子研究设计探讨青少年睡眠状况,并进一步分析睡眠与抑郁、焦虑的关系。研究主要包括两部分:采用数量行为遗传学的单变量ACE 模型分析青少年的睡眠及其各维度的状况;采用双变量 ACE模型分析睡眠与焦虑、抑郁是否存在共同的遗传基础。样本为来自北京的1342名10-19岁同性双生子,主要研究结果如下:
1.  遗传和环境均对中国青少年群体的睡眠有重要影响。
2.  遗传和非共享环境因素共同解释青少年睡眠状况、主观睡眠质量、周末睡眠状况、睡眠障碍和睡眠潜伏期。环境而非遗传因素解释青少年的周中睡眠行为和日间功能障碍。
3.  睡眠和抑郁、焦虑存在共同的遗传基础,非共享环境因素解释剩下的部分。

Other Abstract

Sleep is of great significance for adolescents in that it is closely associated with their physical and mental development. Previous studies of sleep were mainly confined to the medical field, however, in recent decades, more and more relevant studies have been conducted in the interdisciplinary areas. Average person’s sleep status and its relationship with mental health have received the most attention in the research field. Although the close relationship between sleep and internalizing problems has been pointed out in a large number of studies, the research on their etiology and physiological basis is still lacking. For adolescents, sleep disturbance and internalizing problems have high rates of comorbidity even in clinic, which requires deeper exploration into the complex relationship between the two factors. Domestic research on adolescents’  sleep is limited, and few studies have been done from the perspective of behavioral genetics.  The present study explicitly
examined  the genetic environmental interactions between sleep and internalizing problems by genetically informative designs.
  This thesis explored the sleep status of Chinese adolescents, and further analyzed the relationship of sleep, depression and anxiety.  The study consisted of two parts: using univariate ACE model to analyze adolescents’ sleep status about each sleep dimension; using bivariate ACE model to analyze whether there is a common genetic basis for sleep and internalizing problems. All the methods are from the field of behavioral genetics. The sample included 1342 adolescents aged 10-19 years old from Beijing, China. The main findings are as follows:
1. Genetics and the environment both have an important impact on Chinese adolescents’ sleep.
2. Genetics and non-shared environmental factors jointly explain the sleep status of adolescents, subjective sleep quality, weekend sleep length, sleep disorders and sleep latency. Environmental rather than genetic factors explain adolescents' week sleep length and daytime dysfunction.
3. There is common genetic basis for sleep, depression and anxiety,nonshared environment factors explain the rest.

Document Type学位论文
First Author AffilicationInstitute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
王雅芯. 青少年睡眠及其与内化问题的关系:基于双生子的研究[D]. 北京. 中国科学院研究生院,2017.
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