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Structural neural correlates of multitasking: A voxel-based morphometry study
Rui-ting Zhang1,2,3; Tian-xiao Yang1; Yi Wang1; Yuxiu Sui4; Jingjing Yao4; Chen-yuan Zhang,1; Eric F. C. Cheung5; Raymond C. K. Chan1
First AuthorRui-ting Zhang
Correspondent Emailrckchan@psych.ac.cn
Contribution Rank1
Abstract

Multitasking refers to the ability to organize assorted tasks efficiently in a short period of time, which plays an important role in daily life. However, the structural neural correlates of multitasking performance remain unclear. The present study aimed at exploring the brain regions associated with multitasking performance using global correlation analysis. Twenty-six healthy participants first under-went structural brain scans and then performed the modified Six Element Test, which required participants to attempt six subtasks in 10 min while obeying a specific rule. Voxel-based morphometry of the whole brain was used to detect the structural correlates of multi-tasking ability. Grey matter volume of the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) was positively correlated with the overall performance and time monitoring in multitasking. In addition, white matter volume of the anterior thalamic radiation (ATR) was also positively correlated with time monitoring during multitasking. Other related brain regions associated with multitasking included the superior frontal gyrus,the inferior occipital gyrus, the lingual gyrus, and the inferior longitudinal fasciculus. No significant correlation was found between grey
matter volume of the prefrontal cortex (Brodmann Area 10) and multitasking performance. Using a global correlation analysis to examine various aspects of multitasking performance, this study provided new insights into the structural neural correlates of multitasking ability.In particular, the ACC was identified as an important brain region that played both a general and a specific time-monitoring role in multi-tasking, extending the role of the ACC from lesioned populations to healthy populations. The present findings also support the view that the ATR may influence multitasking performance by affecting time-monitoring abilities.

Keywordmorphometry multiple tasks neuroimaging
Subject Area认知神经科学
2016
Language英语
Source PublicationPsyCh Journal
ISSN2046-0260
Volume5Issue:4Pages:219–227
Subtype期刊论文
URL查看原文
Indexed BySCI ; SSCI
QuartileQ4
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/21505
Collection健康与遗传心理学研究室
Corresponding AuthorRaymond C. K. Chan
Affiliation1.Neuropsychology and Cognitive Neuroscience Research Group, Key Laboratory of Mental Health,nstitute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
2.The University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
3.Department of Psychology, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing, China
4.Nanjing Brain Hospital, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China
5.Castle Peak Hospital, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Rui-ting Zhang,Tian-xiao Yang,Yi Wang,et al. Structural neural correlates of multitasking: A voxel-based morphometry study[J]. PsyCh Journal,2016,5(4):219–227.
APA Rui-ting Zhang.,Tian-xiao Yang.,Yi Wang.,Yuxiu Sui.,Jingjing Yao.,...&Raymond C. K. Chan.(2016).Structural neural correlates of multitasking: A voxel-based morphometry study.PsyCh Journal,5(4),219–227.
MLA Rui-ting Zhang,et al."Structural neural correlates of multitasking: A voxel-based morphometry study".PsyCh Journal 5.4(2016):219–227.
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