PSYCH OpenIR  > 中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
The Effect of Diaphragmatic Breathing on Attention, Negative Affect and Stress in Healthy Adults
Ma, Xiao1,2; Yue, Zi-Qi3; Gong, Zhu-Qing4,5; Zhang, Hong3; Duan, Nai-Yue3; Shi, Yu-Tong3; Wei, Gao-Xia5,6; Li, You-Fa2
2017-06-06
Source PublicationFRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY
ISSN1664-1078
SubtypeArticle
Volume8Issue:0Pages:1-12
Abstract

A growing number of empirical studies have revealed that diaphragmatic breathing may trigger body relaxation responses and benefit both physical and mental health. However, the specific benefits of diaphragmatic breathing on mental health remain largely unknown. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of diaphragmatic breathing on cognition, affect, and cortisol responses to stress. Forty participants were randomly assigned to either a breathing intervention group (BIG) or a control group (CG). The BIG received intensive training for 20 sessions, implemented over 8 weeks, employing a real-time feedback device, and an average respiratory rate of 4 breaths/min, while the CG did not receive this treatment. All participants completed pre-and post-tests of sustained attention and affect. Additionally, pre-test and post-test salivary cortisol concentrations were determined in both groups. The findings suggested that the BIG showed a significant decrease in negative affect after intervention, compared to baseline. In the diaphragmatic breathing condition, there was a significant interaction effect of group by time on sustained attention, whereby the BIG showed significantly increased sustained attention after training, compared to baseline. There was a significant interaction effect of group and time in the diaphragmatic breathing condition on cortisol levels, whereby the BIG had a significantly lower cortisol level after training, while the CG showed no significant change in cortisol levels. In conclusion, diaphragmatic breathing could improve sustained attention, affect, and cortisol levels. This study provided evidence demonstrating the effect of diaphragmatic breathing, a mind body practice, on mental function, from a health psychology approach, which has important implications for health promotion in healthy individuals.

Keywordbreathing technique mental health real-time feedback relaxation sustained attention
DOI10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00874
Indexed BySSCI
Language英语
Funding OrganizationMOE (Ministry of Education in China) Project of Humanities and Social Sciences(16YJC890012) ; National Natural Science Foundation of China(31671163)
WOS Research AreaPsychology
WOS SubjectPsychology, Multidisciplinary
WOS IDWOS:000402697900001
WOS HeadingsSocial Sciences
WOS KeywordHEART-RATE-VARIABILITY ; AUTONOMIC NERVOUS-SYSTEM ; SALIVARY CORTISOL ; ANXIETY DISORDER ; MAJOR DEPRESSION ; POLYVAGAL THEORY ; MOTION SICKNESS ; SELF-REGULATION ; BLOOD-PRESSURE ; HPA AXIS
Citation statistics
Cited Times:5[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/21528
Collection中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
Affiliation1.Beijing Normal Univ, Fac Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
2.Beijing Normal Univ, Collaborat Innovat Ctr Assessment Basic Educ Qual, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Beijing Normal Univ, Coll PE & Sports, Beijing, Peoples R China
4.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Dept Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
5.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
6.Harvard Med Sch, Massachusetts Gen Hosp, Dept Psychiat, Boston, MA 02115 USA
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Ma, Xiao,Yue, Zi-Qi,Gong, Zhu-Qing,et al. The Effect of Diaphragmatic Breathing on Attention, Negative Affect and Stress in Healthy Adults[J]. FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY,2017,8(0):1-12.
APA Ma, Xiao.,Yue, Zi-Qi.,Gong, Zhu-Qing.,Zhang, Hong.,Duan, Nai-Yue.,...&Li, You-Fa.(2017).The Effect of Diaphragmatic Breathing on Attention, Negative Affect and Stress in Healthy Adults.FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY,8(0),1-12.
MLA Ma, Xiao,et al."The Effect of Diaphragmatic Breathing on Attention, Negative Affect and Stress in Healthy Adults".FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY 8.0(2017):1-12.
Files in This Item:
File Name/Size DocType Version Access License
The Effect of Diaphr(1234KB)期刊论文出版稿限制开放CC BY-NC-SAView Application Full Text
Related Services
Recommend this item
Bookmark
Usage statistics
Export to Endnote
Google Scholar
Similar articles in Google Scholar
[Ma, Xiao]'s Articles
[Yue, Zi-Qi]'s Articles
[Gong, Zhu-Qing]'s Articles
Baidu academic
Similar articles in Baidu academic
[Ma, Xiao]'s Articles
[Yue, Zi-Qi]'s Articles
[Gong, Zhu-Qing]'s Articles
Bing Scholar
Similar articles in Bing Scholar
[Ma, Xiao]'s Articles
[Yue, Zi-Qi]'s Articles
[Gong, Zhu-Qing]'s Articles
Terms of Use
No data!
Social Bookmark/Share
File name: The Effect of Diaphragmatic Breathing on Attention, Negative Affect and Stress in Healthy Adults.pdf
Format: Adobe PDF
All comments (0)
No comment.
 

Items in the repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.