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The Effect of Diaphragmatic Breathing on Attention, Negative Affect and Stress in Healthy Adults
Ma, Xiao1,2; Yue, Zi-Qi3; Gong, Zhu-Qing4,5; Zhang, Hong3; Duan, Nai-Yue3; Shi, Yu-Tong3; Wei, Gao-Xia5,6; Li, You-Fa2
2017-06-06
发表期刊FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY
ISSN1664-1078
文章类型Article
卷号8期号:0页码:1-12
摘要

A growing number of empirical studies have revealed that diaphragmatic breathing may trigger body relaxation responses and benefit both physical and mental health. However, the specific benefits of diaphragmatic breathing on mental health remain largely unknown. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of diaphragmatic breathing on cognition, affect, and cortisol responses to stress. Forty participants were randomly assigned to either a breathing intervention group (BIG) or a control group (CG). The BIG received intensive training for 20 sessions, implemented over 8 weeks, employing a real-time feedback device, and an average respiratory rate of 4 breaths/min, while the CG did not receive this treatment. All participants completed pre-and post-tests of sustained attention and affect. Additionally, pre-test and post-test salivary cortisol concentrations were determined in both groups. The findings suggested that the BIG showed a significant decrease in negative affect after intervention, compared to baseline. In the diaphragmatic breathing condition, there was a significant interaction effect of group by time on sustained attention, whereby the BIG showed significantly increased sustained attention after training, compared to baseline. There was a significant interaction effect of group and time in the diaphragmatic breathing condition on cortisol levels, whereby the BIG had a significantly lower cortisol level after training, while the CG showed no significant change in cortisol levels. In conclusion, diaphragmatic breathing could improve sustained attention, affect, and cortisol levels. This study provided evidence demonstrating the effect of diaphragmatic breathing, a mind body practice, on mental function, from a health psychology approach, which has important implications for health promotion in healthy individuals.

关键词breathing technique mental health real-time feedback relaxation sustained attention
DOI10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00874
收录类别SSCI
语种英语
项目资助者MOE (Ministry of Education in China) Project of Humanities and Social Sciences(16YJC890012) ; National Natural Science Foundation of China(31671163)
WOS研究方向Psychology
WOS类目Psychology, Multidisciplinary
WOS记录号WOS:000402697900001
WOS标题词Social Sciences
关键词[WOS]HEART-RATE-VARIABILITY ; AUTONOMIC NERVOUS-SYSTEM ; SALIVARY CORTISOL ; ANXIETY DISORDER ; MAJOR DEPRESSION ; POLYVAGAL THEORY ; MOTION SICKNESS ; SELF-REGULATION ; BLOOD-PRESSURE ; HPA AXIS
引用统计
被引频次:3[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/21528
专题中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
作者单位1.Beijing Normal Univ, Fac Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
2.Beijing Normal Univ, Collaborat Innovat Ctr Assessment Basic Educ Qual, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Beijing Normal Univ, Coll PE & Sports, Beijing, Peoples R China
4.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Dept Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
5.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
6.Harvard Med Sch, Massachusetts Gen Hosp, Dept Psychiat, Boston, MA 02115 USA
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GB/T 7714
Ma, Xiao,Yue, Zi-Qi,Gong, Zhu-Qing,et al. The Effect of Diaphragmatic Breathing on Attention, Negative Affect and Stress in Healthy Adults[J]. FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY,2017,8(0):1-12.
APA Ma, Xiao.,Yue, Zi-Qi.,Gong, Zhu-Qing.,Zhang, Hong.,Duan, Nai-Yue.,...&Li, You-Fa.(2017).The Effect of Diaphragmatic Breathing on Attention, Negative Affect and Stress in Healthy Adults.FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY,8(0),1-12.
MLA Ma, Xiao,et al."The Effect of Diaphragmatic Breathing on Attention, Negative Affect and Stress in Healthy Adults".FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY 8.0(2017):1-12.
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