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Motivation Counts: Autonomous But Not Obligated Sharing Promotes Happiness in Preschoolers
Wu, Zhen1; Zhang, Zhen2,3; Guo, Rui1; Gros-Louis, Julie4; Zhen Wu
2017-05-31
Source PublicationFRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY
Correspondent Emailzhen-wu@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn
ISSN1664-1078
SubtypeArticle
Volume8Issue:0Pages:1-8
Abstract

Research has demonstrated that prosocial sharing is emotionally rewarding, which leads to further prosocial actions; such a positive feedback loop suggests a proximal mechanism of human's tendency to act prosocially. However, it leaves open a question as to how the emotional benefits from sharing develop in young children and whether sharing under pressure promotes happiness as well. The current study directly compared 3- and 5-year-old Chinese children's happiness when sharing was autonomous (the recipient did not contribute to getting the reward) with when sharing was obligated (the recipient and the actor jointly earned the reward). We found that children shared more items overall when sharing was obligated than autonomous, demonstrating their conformity to social norms of merit-based sharing. In children who eventually shared with others, 5-year-olds gave out more stickers in the obligated sharing condition than in the autonomous sharing condition, but 3-year-olds shared the same amount between the conditions, suggesting that 5-year-olds adhered to the meritbased sharing norm more strictly than 3-year-olds. Moreover, in the autonomous sharing condition, children displayed greater happiness when they shared with the recipient than when they kept stickers for themselves, suggesting that costly prosocial giving benefited children with positive mood; however, children did not gain happiness when they shared with the recipient in the obligated sharing condition. These findings demonstrate that children's affective benefits depend on the motivation underlying their prosocial behavior, and further imply that normative force and emotional gains may independently drive preschoolers' prosocial behaviors.

Keywordsharing happiness prosocial behavior social norm preschooler
DOI10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00867
Indexed BySSCI
Language英语
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China(31600899 ; Tsinghua University Lifelong Learning Lab ; 31000469)
WOS Research AreaPsychology
WOS SubjectPsychology, Multidisciplinary
WOS IDWOS:000402389300001
WOS HeadingsSocial Sciences
WOS KeywordPROSOCIAL BEHAVIOR ; YOUNG-CHILDREN ; FAIRNESS ; RESPONSES ; JUSTICE ; INFANTS
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/21540
Collection中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorZhen Wu
Affiliation1.Tsinghua Univ, Dept Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Dept Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
4.Univ Iowa, Dept Psychol & Brain Sci, Iowa City, IA USA
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wu, Zhen,Zhang, Zhen,Guo, Rui,et al. Motivation Counts: Autonomous But Not Obligated Sharing Promotes Happiness in Preschoolers[J]. FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY,2017,8(0):1-8.
APA Wu, Zhen,Zhang, Zhen,Guo, Rui,Gros-Louis, Julie,&Zhen Wu.(2017).Motivation Counts: Autonomous But Not Obligated Sharing Promotes Happiness in Preschoolers.FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY,8(0),1-8.
MLA Wu, Zhen,et al."Motivation Counts: Autonomous But Not Obligated Sharing Promotes Happiness in Preschoolers".FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY 8.0(2017):1-8.
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