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Motivation Counts: Autonomous But Not Obligated Sharing Promotes Happiness in Preschoolers
Wu, Zhen1; Zhang, Zhen2,3; Guo, Rui1; Gros-Louis, Julie4; Zhen Wu
2017-05-31
发表期刊FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY
通讯作者邮箱zhen-wu@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn
ISSN1664-1078
文章类型Article
卷号8期号:0页码:1-8
摘要

Research has demonstrated that prosocial sharing is emotionally rewarding, which leads to further prosocial actions; such a positive feedback loop suggests a proximal mechanism of human's tendency to act prosocially. However, it leaves open a question as to how the emotional benefits from sharing develop in young children and whether sharing under pressure promotes happiness as well. The current study directly compared 3- and 5-year-old Chinese children's happiness when sharing was autonomous (the recipient did not contribute to getting the reward) with when sharing was obligated (the recipient and the actor jointly earned the reward). We found that children shared more items overall when sharing was obligated than autonomous, demonstrating their conformity to social norms of merit-based sharing. In children who eventually shared with others, 5-year-olds gave out more stickers in the obligated sharing condition than in the autonomous sharing condition, but 3-year-olds shared the same amount between the conditions, suggesting that 5-year-olds adhered to the meritbased sharing norm more strictly than 3-year-olds. Moreover, in the autonomous sharing condition, children displayed greater happiness when they shared with the recipient than when they kept stickers for themselves, suggesting that costly prosocial giving benefited children with positive mood; however, children did not gain happiness when they shared with the recipient in the obligated sharing condition. These findings demonstrate that children's affective benefits depend on the motivation underlying their prosocial behavior, and further imply that normative force and emotional gains may independently drive preschoolers' prosocial behaviors.

关键词sharing happiness prosocial behavior social norm preschooler
DOI10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00867
收录类别SSCI
语种英语
项目资助者National Natural Science Foundation of China(31600899 ; Tsinghua University Lifelong Learning Lab ; 31000469)
WOS研究方向Psychology
WOS类目Psychology, Multidisciplinary
WOS记录号WOS:000402389300001
WOS标题词Social Sciences
关键词[WOS]PROSOCIAL BEHAVIOR ; YOUNG-CHILDREN ; FAIRNESS ; RESPONSES ; JUSTICE ; INFANTS
引用统计
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/21540
专题中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
通讯作者Zhen Wu
作者单位1.Tsinghua Univ, Dept Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Dept Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
4.Univ Iowa, Dept Psychol & Brain Sci, Iowa City, IA USA
推荐引用方式
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Wu, Zhen,Zhang, Zhen,Guo, Rui,et al. Motivation Counts: Autonomous But Not Obligated Sharing Promotes Happiness in Preschoolers[J]. FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY,2017,8(0):1-8.
APA Wu, Zhen,Zhang, Zhen,Guo, Rui,Gros-Louis, Julie,&Zhen Wu.(2017).Motivation Counts: Autonomous But Not Obligated Sharing Promotes Happiness in Preschoolers.FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY,8(0),1-8.
MLA Wu, Zhen,et al."Motivation Counts: Autonomous But Not Obligated Sharing Promotes Happiness in Preschoolers".FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY 8.0(2017):1-8.
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