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The Age Effects on the Cognitive Processes of Intention-Based and Stimulus-Based Actions: An ERP Study
Niu, Ya-Nan1; Zhu, Xinyi1,2; Li, Juan1,2,3; Ya-Nan Niu; Juan Li
2017-05-29
Source PublicationFRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY
Correspondent Emailniuyn@psych.ac.cn ; lijuan@psych.ac.cn
ISSN1664-1078
SubtypeArticle
Volume8Issue:0Pages:1-14
Abstract

The functional decline in action among older adults is caused not only by physical weakness but also by cognitive decline. In this study, we aimed to compare the cognitive effects of age between intention-based and stimulus-based action modes electrophysiologically. Because age-related declines in cognitive function might proceed distinctly according to specific action modes and processes, four specific cognitive processes, action-effect binding, stimulus-response linkage, action-effect feedback control, and effect-action retrieval, were investigated. We recorded event-related potentials (ERPs) during a modified acquisition-test paradigm in young (mean age = 21, SD = 2) and old (mean age = 69, SD = 5) groups. A temporal bisection task and a movement pre-cuing task were used during the acquisition and test phases, respectively. Using ERP indices including readiness potential (RP), P3, N2 and contingent negative variation (CNV) to identify these four specific processes for the two action modes, we revealed the effects of age on each ERP index. The results showed similar patterns of waveforms but consistently decreasing amplitudes of all four ERP indices in the old age group compared with the young age group, which indicates not only generally declining functions of action preparation in older adults but also age effects specific to the action modes and processes that might otherwise be mixed together under confounding experimental conditions. Particularly, an interference effect indexed by the differences in the amplitudes of CNV between congruent and incongruent tasks was observed in the young age group, which is consistent with previous behavioral reports. However, this effect was absent in the old age group, indicating a specific age-related deficit in the effect-action retrieval process of intention-based action, which might be caused by an age-related deficit in associative memory. In sum, this study investigated the cognitive processes of two action modes from a developmental perspective and suggests the importance of adding associative memory training to interventions for older adults with the aim of improving intention-based action.

Keywordage effect motor cognition intention-based action stimulus-based action bidirectional action-effect association ERPs associative memory executive function
DOI10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00803
Indexed BySSCI
Language英语
Funding OrganizationNational Science Foundation of China (NSFC)(30900406 ; Scientific Foundation of the Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences(Y0CX0601S01) ; Pioneer Initiative of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Feature Institutes Program(TSS-2015-06) ; Beijing Municipal Science & Technology Commission(Z171100000117006) ; CAS Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences(KLMH2015ZG06) ; 31271108 ; 31470998 ; 31671157)
WOS Research AreaPsychology
WOS SubjectPsychology, Multidisciplinary
WOS IDWOS:000402188800001
WOS HeadingsSocial Sciences
WOS KeywordASSOCIATIVE RECOGNITION ; IDEOMOTOR PRINCIPLE ; ALZHEIMERS-DISEASE ; NEURAL SUBSTRATE ; TEMPORAL CONTROL ; OLDER-ADULTS ; MECHANISMS ; PERFORMANCE ; VOLUNTARY ; BRAIN
Citation statistics
Cited Times:2[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/21541
Collection中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorYa-Nan Niu; Juan Li
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Ctr Aging Psychol, CAS Key Lab Mental Hlth, Inst Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Dept Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Biophys, State Key Lab Brain & Cognit Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Niu, Ya-Nan,Zhu, Xinyi,Li, Juan,et al. The Age Effects on the Cognitive Processes of Intention-Based and Stimulus-Based Actions: An ERP Study[J]. FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY,2017,8(0):1-14.
APA Niu, Ya-Nan,Zhu, Xinyi,Li, Juan,Ya-Nan Niu,&Juan Li.(2017).The Age Effects on the Cognitive Processes of Intention-Based and Stimulus-Based Actions: An ERP Study.FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY,8(0),1-14.
MLA Niu, Ya-Nan,et al."The Age Effects on the Cognitive Processes of Intention-Based and Stimulus-Based Actions: An ERP Study".FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY 8.0(2017):1-14.
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