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The development of multitasking in children aged 7-12 years: Evidence from cross-sectional and longitudinal data
Yang, Tian-Xiao1,2; Xie, Weizhen3; Chen, Chu-Sheng4; Altgassen, Mareike5; Wang, Ya1,2; Cheung, Eric F. C.6; Chan, Raymond C. K.1,2
2017-09-01
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL CHILD PSYCHOLOGY
ISSN0022-0965
SubtypeArticle
Volume161Issue:0Pages:63-80
Abstract

This study investigated the development of multitasking ability across childhood. A sample of 65 typically developing children aged 7, 9, and 11 years completed two multitasking tests across three time points within a year. Cross-sectional and longitudinal data consistently indicated continuous linear growth in children's multitasking ability. By the age of 12 years, children could effectively perform a simple multitasking scenario comprising six equally important tasks, although their ability to strategically organize assorted tasks with varied values and priorities in a complex multitasking setting had not reached proficiency yet. Cognitive functions underlying a complex multitasking scenario varied in their developmental trajectories. Retrospective memory developed continuously from 7 to 12 years of age, suggesting its supporting role in the development of multitasking. Planning skills developed slowly and showed practice effects for older children but not for younger children. The ability to adhere to plans also developed slowly, and children of all age groups benefited from practice. This study offers a preliminary benchmark for future comparison with clinical populations and may help to inform the development of targeted interventions. (C) 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

KeywordMultitasking Children Development Longitudinal Cross-sectional Six Element Test for Children Battersea Multitask Paradigm
DOI10.1016/j.jecp.2017.04.003
Indexed BySSCI
Language英语
Funding OrganizationBeijing Training Project for the Leading Talents in S T(Z151100000315020) ; National Natural Science Foundation of China(31400873) ; CAS Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology(KLMH2015ZG02) ; CAS-SAFEA International Partnership Program for Creative Research Teams(Y2CX131003)
WOS Research AreaPsychology
WOS SubjectPsychology, Developmental ; Psychology, Experimental
WOS IDWOS:000404000200005
WOS HeadingsSocial Sciences
WOS KeywordANTERIOR PREFRONTAL CORTEX ; PROSPECTIVE MEMORY ; EXECUTIVE FUNCTION ; WORKING-MEMORY ; HUMAN BRAIN ; AREA 10 ; CHILDHOOD ; TASK ; VARIABILITY ; PERFORMANCE
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Cited Times:1[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/21588
Collection中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
Affiliation1.Inst Psychol, CAS Key Lab Mental Hlth, Neuropsychol & Appl Cognit Neurosci Lab, 16 Lincui Rd, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Dept Psychol, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
3.Univ Calif Riverside, Dept Psychol, Riverside, CA 92521 USA
4.Sun Yat Sen Univ, Dept Psychol, Guangzhou 510275, Guangdong, Peoples R China
5.Radboud Univ Nijmegen, Donders Inst Brain Cognit & Behav, NL-6525 EN Nijmegen, Netherlands
6.Castle Peak Hosp, Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Yang, Tian-Xiao,Xie, Weizhen,Chen, Chu-Sheng,et al. The development of multitasking in children aged 7-12 years: Evidence from cross-sectional and longitudinal data[J]. JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL CHILD PSYCHOLOGY,2017,161(0):63-80.
APA Yang, Tian-Xiao.,Xie, Weizhen.,Chen, Chu-Sheng.,Altgassen, Mareike.,Wang, Ya.,...&Chan, Raymond C. K..(2017).The development of multitasking in children aged 7-12 years: Evidence from cross-sectional and longitudinal data.JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL CHILD PSYCHOLOGY,161(0),63-80.
MLA Yang, Tian-Xiao,et al."The development of multitasking in children aged 7-12 years: Evidence from cross-sectional and longitudinal data".JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL CHILD PSYCHOLOGY 161.0(2017):63-80.
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