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等级模式的客体注意:一个偏向竞争观点
Alternative TitleObject-based Attention in Hierarchical Pattern: A Biased Competition View
陈文锋
Subtype硕士
Thesis Advisor焦书兰
2002-06
Degree Grantor中国科学院研究生院
Place of Conferral北京
Degree Discipline心理学
Keyword等级模式 整体优势 客体注意 偏向竞争模型
Abstract

等级模式是一类整体结构由相对独立的局部元素组成的等级模式。视觉系统对这类刺激的整体和局部水平的加工是不对称的,通常是整体的加工优于局部的加工。以前的研究在空间注意的范畴内认为注意分配范围的大小是整体局部不对称的原因。本研究把等级模式的注意研究扩展到客体注意范畴,对等级模式的客体注意因素进行了研究,认为客体注意是整体优势的一种可能机制。研究通过五个实验进行,探讨了客体选择性注意在等级模式加工的作用。
实验一和实验二采用客休重复程序,探讨等级模式在靶子水平恒定和水平变化任务中的客体注意,发现了等级模式加工的客体重复效应;并且发现了客体重复效应在等级模式整体水平和局部水平的不对称性,揭示了标准等级模式不同水平在客体因素方面的差异是整体局部加工差异的原因。在实验一和实验二的基础上,实验三四五从偏向竞争模型出发,考察了内源偏向和外源偏向等不同客体因素对等级模式整体和局部水平的不同影响,再次验证了等级模式不同水平在客体注意上的不对称,并证明了不同注意偏向的合作竞争对等级模式整体局部差异的影响。
根据这些结果,本研究得出以下结论:
1),等级模式的不同水平存在着客体注意方面的差异,是整体局部加工差异的重要影响因素;
2)、知觉组织是等级模式产生整体偏向的重要外源性因素;    3)、客体重复是产生等级模式内源偏向的方法之一,对整体和局部的客体注意具有不同的影响:
4)、等级模式的整体局部的加工差异取决于等级模式加工中内外源注意偏向的合作竞争结果。

Other Abstract

Hierarchical pattern is such a type of compound stimuli that globally structure is composed of some local elements. Visual processes of global structure are asymmetric to that of local elements, usually resulting in a RT advantage of global structure contrast to local elements. Previous researches suggested that the asymmetric processes were contributed to the size of spatial attention. This study extended the researches of attention in hierarchical pattern to the domain of object-based attention, and suggested an alternative view of global precedence. 5 experiments were conducted to investigated how object-based attention influences the processes of global/local level in hierarchical pattern.
The object repetition procedure was applied in expl and exp2 to investigate the object-based  attention. Results showed there was an object repetition effect in hierarchical pattern, and the effect in global level is larger than that in local level, which indicated that the asymmetric processes might be contributed to the difference in object-based attention between global and local level. Based on the results of expl-2 and the theoretic account of biased competition, Exp3-5 were canducted to investigate how the top-down and bottom-up aspects of object attention influence the processes of global/local level of hierarchical pattern. Results showed the asymmetric pattern between global and local level obtained in expl-2 was found in exp3-5, and provided evidence that the cooperation and competition of top-down and bottom-up biases influence the asymmetric processes of global/local level.
The study arrived at the following conclusions based on the results above:
 1)There were differences in object attention between global and local level in hierarchical pattern, on which the global precedence depended.
 2) Perceptual groups of hierarchical pattern were important to bias exogenous object attention to global structure.
  3) CSbject repetition biased endogenous object attention, and has more influence on global structure than local elements.
  4) The global-local difference of processes depended on the cooperation and competition of top-down and bottom-up biases in hierarchical pattern.

Subject Area基础心理学
Language中文
Document Type学位论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/21603
Collection认知与发展心理学研究室
Affiliation中国科学院心理研究所
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
陈文锋. 等级模式的客体注意:一个偏向竞争观点[D]. 北京. 中国科学院研究生院,2002.
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