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Differences in arithmetic performance between Chinese and German adults are accompanied by differences in processing of non-symbolic numerical magnitude
Lonnemann, Jan1,2; Li, Su3; Zhao, Pei3,4; Li, Peng; Linkersdoerfer, Janosch1,2; Lindberg, Sven2,5; Hasselhorn, Marcus1,2,6; Yan, Song7
2017-04-06
发表期刊PLOS ONE
ISSN1932-6203
文章类型Article
卷号12期号:4页码:1-13
摘要

Human beings are assumed to possess an approximate number system (ANS) dedicated to extracting and representing approximate numerical magnitude information. The ANS is assumed to be fundamental to arithmetic learning and has been shown to be associated with arithmetic performance. It is, however, still a matter of debate whether better arithmetic skills are reflected in the ANS. To address this issue, Chinese and German adults were compared regarding their performance in simple arithmetic tasks and in a non-symbolic numerical magnitude comparison task. Chinese participants showed a better performance in solving simple arithmetic tasks and faster reaction times in the non-symbolic numerical magnitude comparison task without making more errors than their German peers. These differences in performance could not be ascribed to differences in general cognitive abilities. Better arithmetic skills were thus found to be accompanied by a higher speed of retrieving non-symbolic numerical magnitude knowledge but not by a higher precision of non-symbolic numerical magnitude representations. The group difference in the speed of retrieving non-symbolic numerical magnitude knowledge was fully mediated by the performance in arithmetic tasks, suggesting that arithmetic skills shape non-symbolic numerical magnitude processing skills.

DOI10.1371/journal.pone.0174991
收录类别SCI ; SSCI
语种英语
项目资助者Hessian initiative for the development of scientific and economic excellence (LOEWE) ; Open Access Fund of the Leibniz Association
WOS研究方向Science & Technology - Other Topics
WOS类目Multidisciplinary Sciences
WOS记录号WOS:000399371900069
WOS标题词Science & Technology
关键词[WOS]APPROXIMATE NUMBER SYSTEM ; ACUITY ; REPRESENTATIONS ; ABILITY
引用统计
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/21647
专题中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
作者单位1.German Inst Int Educ Res DIPF, Dept Educ & Human Dev, Frankfurt, Germany
2.Ctr Individual Dev & Adapt Educ Children Risk, Frankfurt, Germany
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
4.Yunnan Normal Univ, Sch Educ & Management, Psychol Dept, Kunming, Peoples R China
5.Paderborn Univ, Fac Arts & Humanities, Paderborn, Germany
6.Goethe Univ, Inst Psychol, Dept Educ Psychol, Frankfurt, Germany
7.Jacobs Univ Bremen, Dept Psychol & Methods, Bremen, Germany
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
Lonnemann, Jan,Li, Su,Zhao, Pei,et al. Differences in arithmetic performance between Chinese and German adults are accompanied by differences in processing of non-symbolic numerical magnitude[J]. PLOS ONE,2017,12(4):1-13.
APA Lonnemann, Jan.,Li, Su.,Zhao, Pei.,Li, Peng.,Linkersdoerfer, Janosch.,...&Yan, Song.(2017).Differences in arithmetic performance between Chinese and German adults are accompanied by differences in processing of non-symbolic numerical magnitude.PLOS ONE,12(4),1-13.
MLA Lonnemann, Jan,et al."Differences in arithmetic performance between Chinese and German adults are accompanied by differences in processing of non-symbolic numerical magnitude".PLOS ONE 12.4(2017):1-13.
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