PSYCH OpenIR  > 中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
Differences in arithmetic performance between Chinese and German adults are accompanied by differences in processing of non-symbolic numerical magnitude
Lonnemann, Jan1,2; Li, Su3; Zhao, Pei3,4; Li, Peng; Linkersdoerfer, Janosch1,2; Lindberg, Sven2,5; Hasselhorn, Marcus1,2,6; Yan, Song7
Abstract

Human beings are assumed to possess an approximate number system (ANS) dedicated to extracting and representing approximate numerical magnitude information. The ANS is assumed to be fundamental to arithmetic learning and has been shown to be associated with arithmetic performance. It is, however, still a matter of debate whether better arithmetic skills are reflected in the ANS. To address this issue, Chinese and German adults were compared regarding their performance in simple arithmetic tasks and in a non-symbolic numerical magnitude comparison task. Chinese participants showed a better performance in solving simple arithmetic tasks and faster reaction times in the non-symbolic numerical magnitude comparison task without making more errors than their German peers. These differences in performance could not be ascribed to differences in general cognitive abilities. Better arithmetic skills were thus found to be accompanied by a higher speed of retrieving non-symbolic numerical magnitude knowledge but not by a higher precision of non-symbolic numerical magnitude representations. The group difference in the speed of retrieving non-symbolic numerical magnitude knowledge was fully mediated by the performance in arithmetic tasks, suggesting that arithmetic skills shape non-symbolic numerical magnitude processing skills.

2017-04-06
Language英语
DOI10.1371/journal.pone.0174991
Source PublicationPLOS ONE
ISSN1932-6203
Volume12Issue:4Pages:1-13
SubtypeArticle
Indexed BySCI ; SSCI
WOS KeywordAPPROXIMATE NUMBER SYSTEM ; ACUITY ; REPRESENTATIONS ; ABILITY
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology
WOS Research AreaScience & Technology - Other Topics
WOS SubjectMultidisciplinary Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000399371900069
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/21647
Collection中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
Affiliation1.German Inst Int Educ Res DIPF, Dept Educ & Human Dev, Frankfurt, Germany
2.Ctr Individual Dev & Adapt Educ Children Risk, Frankfurt, Germany
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
4.Yunnan Normal Univ, Sch Educ & Management, Psychol Dept, Kunming, Peoples R China
5.Paderborn Univ, Fac Arts & Humanities, Paderborn, Germany
6.Goethe Univ, Inst Psychol, Dept Educ Psychol, Frankfurt, Germany
7.Jacobs Univ Bremen, Dept Psychol & Methods, Bremen, Germany
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Lonnemann, Jan,Li, Su,Zhao, Pei,et al. Differences in arithmetic performance between Chinese and German adults are accompanied by differences in processing of non-symbolic numerical magnitude[J]. PLOS ONE,2017,12(4):1-13.
APA Lonnemann, Jan.,Li, Su.,Zhao, Pei.,Li, Peng.,Linkersdoerfer, Janosch.,...&Yan, Song.(2017).Differences in arithmetic performance between Chinese and German adults are accompanied by differences in processing of non-symbolic numerical magnitude.PLOS ONE,12(4),1-13.
MLA Lonnemann, Jan,et al."Differences in arithmetic performance between Chinese and German adults are accompanied by differences in processing of non-symbolic numerical magnitude".PLOS ONE 12.4(2017):1-13.
Files in This Item:
File Name/Size DocType Version Access License
Differences in arith(894KB)期刊论文出版稿限制开放CC BY-NC-SAApplication Full Text
Related Services
Recommend this item
Bookmark
Usage statistics
Export to Endnote
Google Scholar
Similar articles in Google Scholar
[Lonnemann, Jan]'s Articles
[Li, Su]'s Articles
[Zhao, Pei]'s Articles
Baidu academic
Similar articles in Baidu academic
[Lonnemann, Jan]'s Articles
[Li, Su]'s Articles
[Zhao, Pei]'s Articles
Bing Scholar
Similar articles in Bing Scholar
[Lonnemann, Jan]'s Articles
[Li, Su]'s Articles
[Zhao, Pei]'s Articles
Terms of Use
No data!
Social Bookmark/Share
All comments (0)
No comment.
 

Items in the repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.