|其他题名||Effects of Social and Cognitive Inaccuracy on the Job Information Completeness|
|关键词||职务信息完整性 社会称许性 极端性转移 启发式 类化|
The study intended to test the effects of social desirability, extremity shifts, Heuristics, and categorization on the job information completeness. The job information completeness is cooperatively defined as the of all job information cross sets by any two providers. Based on the result rated by subject matter experts, the job information completeness rated by participants was divided into hit and false alarm. Traffic policeman position was chosen as the target job Participants were traffic policemen and undergraduate or graduate students who majored in human resource management. Policemen acted as job incumbents, and students acted as job analysts. Experimental design consisted of two 2 x 2 x 2 experiments, one containing the variables of social desirability, extremity shifts, Heuristics and the other containing the variables of social desirability, extremity shifts and categorization. MANOVA results indicated that when making judgment based on experience, the information rated by job incumbents was complete, and more false alarm was made under the condition of high social desirability; b) the job information of job incumbents was likely more complete or more incomplete under the condition of extreme shifts, while less false alarm was made by job incumbents under the condition of high social desirability or experiential judgment. c) under the condition of low social desirability, the job information judged by job incumbents basing on the job description was more incomplete than that judged basing on experience. That is, the information of job incumbents was more incomplete when using Heuristics. d) Under the condition of experiential judgment, job incumbents reported more complete information and made less false alarm than job analysts; when judging basing on job description, job analysts reported more complete information than job incumbents.
|李峰. 社会的和认知的不准确性对职务信息完整性的影响（李锋）[D]. 北京. 中国科学院研究生院,2003.|