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音乐文化经验对音乐情绪加工的影响
其他题名Effects of musical cultural experience on music emotion processing
马谐1,2,3; 杨玉芳1; 陶云2,3; 曹阳1,4
2017
发表期刊科学通报
通讯作者邮箱yangyf@psych.ac.cn
ISSN0023-074X
文章类型期刊论文
卷号62期号:20页码:2287–2300
摘要

音乐是人类情绪情感交流的重要媒介,音乐对情绪的影响既可能源于生物体的适应机制,也可能源于音乐文化经验知识作用下的认知建构,研究重点在于讨论不同条件下音乐文化经验的作用机制和作用权重.本文分别从音乐情绪感知、音乐情绪体验和音乐偏好3个层面梳理了已有研究对音乐文化经验效应机制的理论解释,并列举和评述了相关实验例证.已有研究认为,在音乐情绪感知层面,音乐文化经验的影响主要取决于音乐作品用于表达情绪的音乐线索特征;在音乐情绪体验层面,音乐文化经验的影响效应主要取决于激活的情绪诱发机制;在音乐偏好层面,音乐文化经验是音乐偏好产生的基础.未来研究需要在界定音乐文化经验,选取音乐线索和测评情绪效应等多个方面进行思考和推进,才能更好地揭示音乐文化经验在音乐情绪情感交流中的本质作用. 更多还原

 

其他摘要

Music is an important medium of emotional communication for human beings. To what extent people’s understanding of musical emotion and feelings is dependent on the musical cultural experience has been an important scientific issue. Music has biological significance and it also has cultural meaning. The biological perspective views the relationship between music and emotion as one related to the existence and development of an individual adaptation mechanism, and the musical effect on the emotions has a cultural universality. The cultural view thinks that the foundation of the relationship between music and emotions is the cognitive structure underlying the action of the musical pattern, and music’s emotional effect has cultural specificity. At present, these two approaches have been shown to have parallel relationships, and research is focused on discussion of the functional weight and mechanism of the musical cultural experience under different conditions. This paper will comb the current research on the musical cultural experience mechanism theory as well as review and list the related experimental examples based on the musical emotional perception, emotional experience, and musical preference. Musical emotional perception refers to the capacities and abilities to recognize and identify the emotions in music. On the level of the musical emotional perception, related theories think that the effect of the musical culture experience mainly depends on the clues which are used to express emotions in musical works and performances. During the process of listening to the music that utilizes psychophysical cues, the effect of the musical culture experience is smaller while the effect is bigger when listening to music using culturally specific clues. The musical emotional experience focuses in particular on the emotions aroused by the music, which are usually inferred based on a combination of verbal self-reports, physiological responses, and emotional expressions. In terms of the musical emotional experience, the relevant theory thinks the dependence depth of the cultural experience mainly relies on the mood induced mechanism of the musical activation. The influence of the musical culture experience on the three types of mechanism in the brain stem reflexes, rhythmic entrainment, and emotional contagion is small, but in terms of the evaluative conditioning, visual imagery, episodic memory, musical expectancy, and aesthetic judgment, it plays an important role. Musical preference refers to more long-term affective evaluations of music. In consideration of musical preferences, the relevant theory thinks that the musical culture experience in the production of musical preference in general plays a very important role in the production conditions of musical preference due to “familiarity”, which is based on the characteristics of internal relevant music events. Future research needs to consider and promote the definition of the music cultural experience, musical clues selection, evaluation of the emotional effect, and so on, which can better reveal the function of the musical culture experience in relation to the musical emotional communication. Exploring the internal mechanism of how music affects people’s moods will help to shed light on the features of the advanced cognitive wisdom of humans. At the same time, it will have important clinical significance.

关键词音乐 音乐文化经验, 音乐情绪感知 音乐情绪体验 音乐偏好
DOI10.1360/N972017-00340
URL查看原文
收录类别CSCD
语种中文
项目资助者国家自然科学基金(31470985)资助
CSCD记录号CSCD:6041532
引用统计
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/21767
专题认知与发展心理学研究室
通讯作者杨玉芳
作者单位1.中国科学院心理研究所
2.云南师范大学教育科学与管理学院
3.云南师范大学民族教育信息化教育部重点实验室
4.中国科学院大学心理学系
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
马谐,杨玉芳,陶云,等. 音乐文化经验对音乐情绪加工的影响[J]. 科学通报,2017,62(20):2287–2300.
APA 马谐,杨玉芳,陶云,&曹阳.(2017).音乐文化经验对音乐情绪加工的影响.科学通报,62(20),2287–2300.
MLA 马谐,et al."音乐文化经验对音乐情绪加工的影响".科学通报 62.20(2017):2287–2300.
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