PSYCH OpenIR  > 健康与遗传心理学研究室
Alternative TitleA Study of Mood States and Influential Factors among College Seniors
Thesis Advisor林文娟
Degree Grantor中国科学院研究生院
Place of Conferral北京
Degree Discipline生物心理学
Keyword大学毕业生 心境 应激性因素 个性 社会支持


Other Abstract

    The aim of this study was to investigate the mood states and its influential factors among college seniors. Revision was made to BOMPS for the first time with Chinese college students,and the College Seniors Stress Scale was designed with psychometric method. Both longitudinal and cross-sectional approach was used}in this study, and the structure model was established between mood states and its main influential factors. The main findings for this study can be drawn as follows:
    (1) The dimensions of revised BOMPS can still justify the structure of the original one, and the reliability and validity are proved satisfactory. The self-designed College Seniors Stress Scale consists o} five factors, which basically reflect the stressful events of the college seniors, and the scale is also proved of satisfactory reliability and validity.
    (2) The mood states of college seniors take the following form of change: Negative moods predominate at the early stage, and they keep improving with the passage of time. However, vigor decreases all the time. Academic pressure remains high in March despite its decrement from November, while the pressure from finding a job is only found high in March.
    (3) Both daily hassles and academic pressure was proved the most important stressful factors in longitudinal study as well as cross-sectional study. However, pressure of finding a job only plays a key role in longitudinal study. Neither methods support the great effect of stressful events on vigor.
    (4) Chinese college seniors seldom use social support as stress buffer, and subjective social support have more positive effect on mood states than objective social support. Compared with male students, female ones are more anxious and less vigorous. Those who evaluate low on economy status suffer more from negative mood states.
    (5) Stressful events exert the biggest effect on the negative mood states of college seniors, and the effect is mainly direct; however, social support only exerts poor effect on negative mood states through personality. Vigor is mainly affected by support, and the direct effect plays the biggest role; however, stressful events only have little effect on yigor through personality. Economic appraisal and gender have significant effect on the negative mood states and positive mood states respectively, but the effects are poor.

Subject Area心理学
Document Type学位论文
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
迟松. 大学毕业生心境状况及其影响因素的研究[D]. 北京. 中国科学院研究生院,2004.
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