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The "weakest link" as an indicator of cognitive vulnerability differentially predicts symptom dimensions of anxiety in adolescents in China
Wang, Junyi1,2; Wang, Danyang1,2; Cui, Lixia1,2; McWhinnie, Chad M.3; Wang, Li4; Xiao, Jing1,2; J. Xiao
2017-08-01
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF ANXIETY DISORDERS
Correspondent Emailxiaojingcnu@163.com
ISSN0887-6185
SubtypeArticle
Volume50Issue:0Pages:69-75
Abstract

This multiwave longitudinal study examined the cognitive vulnerability-stress component of hopelessness theory to differentially predict symptom dimensions of anxiety using a "weakest link" approach in a sample of adolescents from Hunan Province, China. Baseline and 6-month follow-up data were obtained from 553 middle school students. During an initial assessment, participants completed measures of assessing their weakest links, anxious symptoms, and the occurrence of stress. Participants subsequently completed measures assessing stress, and anxious symptoms one a month for six months. Higher weakest link scores were associated with greater increases in the harm avoidance and separation anxiety/panic dimensions, but not the physical or social anxiety dimension, of anxious symptoms following stress in Chinese adolescents. These results support the applicability of the "weakest link" approach, derived from hopelessness theory, in Chinese adolescents. Weakest link scores as cognitive vulnerability factors may play a role in the development of anxious symptoms, especially in the cognitive dimensions (e.g., harm avoidance and separation anxiety/panic). Our findings also have potential value in explaining the effectiveness of cognitive relevant therapy in treating the cognitive dimensions of anxious symptoms.

KeywordWeakest link Cognitive vulnerability Anxiety Dimensions Multiwave longitudinal study
DOI10.1016/j.janxdis.2017.05.009
Indexed BySSCI
Language英语
Funding OrganizationBeijing Key Laboratory of Learning and Cognition ; MOE (Ministry of Education in China) Project of Humanities and Social Sciences(16YJA190008) ; National Natural Science Foundation of China(31571143) ; Beijing Municipal Commission of Education(TJSH20161002801)
WOS Research AreaPsychology ; Psychiatry
WOS SubjectPsychology, Clinical ; Psychiatry
WOS IDWOS:000408400900010
WOS HeadingsSocial Sciences ; Science & Technology ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine
WOS KeywordHOPELESSNESS THEORY ; DEPRESSIVE-DISORDERS ; GENDER-DIFFERENCES ; STRESS ; MODEL ; CHILDREN ; PERSONALITY ; PERSPECTIVE ; CONTEXT
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/21903
Collection中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorJ. Xiao
Affiliation1.Capital Normal Univ, Beijing Key Lab Learning & Cognit, Beijing 100037, Peoples R China
2.Capital Normal Univ, Dept Psychol, Beijing 100037, Peoples R China
3.Harvard Med Sch, Boston, MA USA
4.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Mental Hlth, Beijing, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wang, Junyi,Wang, Danyang,Cui, Lixia,et al. The "weakest link" as an indicator of cognitive vulnerability differentially predicts symptom dimensions of anxiety in adolescents in China[J]. JOURNAL OF ANXIETY DISORDERS,2017,50(0):69-75.
APA Wang, Junyi.,Wang, Danyang.,Cui, Lixia.,McWhinnie, Chad M..,Wang, Li.,...&J. Xiao.(2017).The "weakest link" as an indicator of cognitive vulnerability differentially predicts symptom dimensions of anxiety in adolescents in China.JOURNAL OF ANXIETY DISORDERS,50(0),69-75.
MLA Wang, Junyi,et al."The "weakest link" as an indicator of cognitive vulnerability differentially predicts symptom dimensions of anxiety in adolescents in China".JOURNAL OF ANXIETY DISORDERS 50.0(2017):69-75.
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