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Regulating Anger under Stress via Cognitive Reappraisal and Sadness
Zhan, Jun1; Wu, Xiaofei1; Fan, Jin2; Guo, Jianyou3; Zhou, Jianshe4; Ren, Jun5; Liu, Chang6; Luo, Jing1; Jing Luo; Chang Liu; Jun Ren
Correspondent ; ;

Previous studies have reported the failure of cognitive emotion regulation (CER), especially in regulating unpleasant emotions under stress. The underlying reason for this failure was the application of CER depends heavily on the executive function of the prefrontal cortex (PFC), but this function can be impaired by stress-related neuroendocrine hormones. This observation highlights the necessity of developing self-regulatory strategies that require less top-down cognitive control. Based on traditional Chinese philosophy and medicine, which examine how different types of emotions promote or counteract one another, we have developed a novel emotion regulation strategy whereby one emotion is used to alter another. For example, our previous experiment showed that sadness induction (after watching a sad film) could reduce aggressive behavior associated with anger [i.e., "sadness counteracts anger" (SCA)] (Zhan et al., 2015). Relative to the CER strategy requiring someone to think about certain cognitive reappraisals to reinterpret the meaning of an unpleasant situation, watching a film or listening to music and experiencing the emotion contained therein seemingly requires less cognitive effort and control; therefore, this SCA strategy may be an alternative strategy that compensates for the limitations of cognitive regulation strategies, especially in stressful situations. The present study was designed to directly compare the effects of the CER and SCA strategy in regulating anger and anger-related aggression in stressful and non-stressful conditions. Participants' subjective feeling of anger, anger-related aggressive behavior, skin conductance, and salivary cortisol and alpha-amylase levels were measured. Our findings revealed that acute stress impaired one's ability to use CR to control angry responses provoked by others, whereas stress did not influence the efficiency of the SCA strategy. Compared with sadness or neutral emotion induction, CER induction was found to reduce the level of subjective anger more, but this difference only existed in non-stressful conditions. By contrast, irrespective of stress, the levels of aggressive behavior and related skin conductance after sadness induction were both significantly lower than those after CER induction or neutral emotion induction, thus suggesting the immunity of the regulatory effect of SCA strategy to the stress factor.

Keywordstress anger cognitive reappraisal sadness induction salivary cortisol
Indexed BySSCI
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China(31271079 ; Beijing Municipal Commission of Education(TJSH20161002801 ; Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Imaging Technology(BAICIT-2016018) ; 31671124) ; PXM2016_014203_000027 ; KZ201410028034)
WOS Research AreaPsychology
WOS SubjectPsychology, Multidisciplinary
WOS IDWOS:000407678400001
WOS HeadingsSocial Sciences
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Corresponding AuthorJing Luo; Chang Liu; Jun Ren
Affiliation1.Capital Normal Univ, Beijing Key Lab Learning & Cognit, Dept Psychol, Collaborat Innovat Ctr Capital Educ Dev, Beijing, Peoples R China
2.CUNY, Queens Coll, Dept Psychol, New York, NY 10021 USA
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Mental Hlth, Beijing, Peoples R China
4.Capital Normal Univ, Beijing Adv Innovat Ctr Imaging Technol, Beijing, Peoples R China
5.Zhejiang Normal Univ, Dept Psychol, Jinhua, Peoples R China
6.Nanjing Normal Univ, Sch Psychol, Nanjing, Jiangsu, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhan, Jun,Wu, Xiaofei,Fan, Jin,et al. Regulating Anger under Stress via Cognitive Reappraisal and Sadness[J]. FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY,2017,8(0):1-13.
APA Zhan, Jun.,Wu, Xiaofei.,Fan, Jin.,Guo, Jianyou.,Zhou, Jianshe.,...&Jun Ren.(2017).Regulating Anger under Stress via Cognitive Reappraisal and Sadness.FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY,8(0),1-13.
MLA Zhan, Jun,et al."Regulating Anger under Stress via Cognitive Reappraisal and Sadness".FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY 8.0(2017):1-13.
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