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Attention is shaped by semantic level of event-structure during speech comprehension: an electroencephalogram study
Li, Xiaoqing1; Zhang, Yuping1,2; Li, Lin1,2; Zhao, Haiyan1,2; Du, Xiufang3; Xiaoqing; Xiufang Du
2017-10-01
Source PublicationCOGNITIVE NEURODYNAMICS
Correspondent Emailli lixq@psych.ac.cn ; dxflxc@163.com
ISSN1871-4080
SubtypeArticle
Volume11Issue:5Pages:467-481
Abstract

The present electroencephalogram study used an attention probe paradigm to investigate how semantic and acoustic structures constrain temporal attention during speech comprehension. Spoken sentences were used as stimuli, with each one containing a four-character critical phrase, of which the third character was the target character. We manipulated not only the semantic relationship between the target character and the immediately preceding two characters, but also the presence/absence of a pitch accent on the first character. In addition, an attention probe was either presented concurrently with the target character or not. The results showed that the N1 effect evoked by the attention probe was of larger amplitude and started earlier (enhanced attention) when the target character and the preceding two characters belonged to the same semantic event than when they spanned a semantic-event boundary, and this effect occurred only in the un-accented conditions. The results suggest that, during speech comprehension, the semantic level of event-structure can constrain attention allocation along the temporal dimension, and reverse the attention attenuation effect of prediction; meanwhile, the semantic and acoustic levels of event-structure interact with each other immediately to modulate auditory-temporal attention. The results were discussed with regard to the predictive coding account of attention.

KeywordSpeech processing Temporally selective attention Event-structure Predictive coding theory
DOI10.1007/s11571-017-9442-4
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding OrganizationState Key Program of the National Natural Science Foundation of China(61433018) ; Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Imaging Technology(BAICIT-2016018)
WOS Research AreaNeurosciences & Neurology
WOS SubjectNeurosciences
WOS IDWOS:000410473600006
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine
WOS KeywordTEMPORALLY SELECTIVE ATTENTION ; VISUAL-CORTEX ; RESPONSES ; TIME ; ACCENTUATION ; PERCEPTION ; PREDICTION ; BRAIN ; MEG
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/21918
Collection中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorXiaoqing; Xiufang Du
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, CAS Key Lab Behav Sci, 16 Lincui Rd, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Shandong Normal Univ, Sch Psychol, 88 East Wenhua Rd, Jinan 250014, Shandong, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Li, Xiaoqing,Zhang, Yuping,Li, Lin,et al. Attention is shaped by semantic level of event-structure during speech comprehension: an electroencephalogram study[J]. COGNITIVE NEURODYNAMICS,2017,11(5):467-481.
APA Li, Xiaoqing.,Zhang, Yuping.,Li, Lin.,Zhao, Haiyan.,Du, Xiufang.,...&Xiufang Du.(2017).Attention is shaped by semantic level of event-structure during speech comprehension: an electroencephalogram study.COGNITIVE NEURODYNAMICS,11(5),467-481.
MLA Li, Xiaoqing,et al."Attention is shaped by semantic level of event-structure during speech comprehension: an electroencephalogram study".COGNITIVE NEURODYNAMICS 11.5(2017):467-481.
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