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Attention is shaped by semantic level of event-structure during speech comprehension: an electroencephalogram study
Li, Xiaoqing1; Zhang, Yuping1,2; Li, Lin1,2; Zhao, Haiyan1,2; Du, Xiufang3; Xiaoqing; Xiufang Du
2017-10-01
发表期刊COGNITIVE NEURODYNAMICS
通讯作者邮箱li lixq@psych.ac.cn ; dxflxc@163.com
ISSN1871-4080
文章类型Article
卷号11期号:5页码:467-481
摘要

The present electroencephalogram study used an attention probe paradigm to investigate how semantic and acoustic structures constrain temporal attention during speech comprehension. Spoken sentences were used as stimuli, with each one containing a four-character critical phrase, of which the third character was the target character. We manipulated not only the semantic relationship between the target character and the immediately preceding two characters, but also the presence/absence of a pitch accent on the first character. In addition, an attention probe was either presented concurrently with the target character or not. The results showed that the N1 effect evoked by the attention probe was of larger amplitude and started earlier (enhanced attention) when the target character and the preceding two characters belonged to the same semantic event than when they spanned a semantic-event boundary, and this effect occurred only in the un-accented conditions. The results suggest that, during speech comprehension, the semantic level of event-structure can constrain attention allocation along the temporal dimension, and reverse the attention attenuation effect of prediction; meanwhile, the semantic and acoustic levels of event-structure interact with each other immediately to modulate auditory-temporal attention. The results were discussed with regard to the predictive coding account of attention.

关键词Speech processing Temporally selective attention Event-structure Predictive coding theory
DOI10.1007/s11571-017-9442-4
收录类别SCI
语种英语
项目资助者State Key Program of the National Natural Science Foundation of China(61433018) ; Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Imaging Technology(BAICIT-2016018)
WOS研究方向Neurosciences & Neurology
WOS类目Neurosciences
WOS记录号WOS:000410473600006
WOS标题词Science & Technology ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine
关键词[WOS]TEMPORALLY SELECTIVE ATTENTION ; VISUAL-CORTEX ; RESPONSES ; TIME ; ACCENTUATION ; PERCEPTION ; PREDICTION ; BRAIN ; MEG
引用统计
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/21918
专题中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
通讯作者Xiaoqing; Xiufang Du
作者单位1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, CAS Key Lab Behav Sci, 16 Lincui Rd, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Shandong Normal Univ, Sch Psychol, 88 East Wenhua Rd, Jinan 250014, Shandong, Peoples R China
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
Li, Xiaoqing,Zhang, Yuping,Li, Lin,et al. Attention is shaped by semantic level of event-structure during speech comprehension: an electroencephalogram study[J]. COGNITIVE NEURODYNAMICS,2017,11(5):467-481.
APA Li, Xiaoqing.,Zhang, Yuping.,Li, Lin.,Zhao, Haiyan.,Du, Xiufang.,...&Xiufang Du.(2017).Attention is shaped by semantic level of event-structure during speech comprehension: an electroencephalogram study.COGNITIVE NEURODYNAMICS,11(5),467-481.
MLA Li, Xiaoqing,et al."Attention is shaped by semantic level of event-structure during speech comprehension: an electroencephalogram study".COGNITIVE NEURODYNAMICS 11.5(2017):467-481.
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