PSYCH OpenIR  > 中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
A Screening Mechanism Differentiating True from False Pain during Empathy
Sun, Ya-Bin1,2; Lin, Xiao-Xiao1,2; Ye, Wen1,2; Wang, Ning1,2; Wang, Jin-Yan1,2; Luo, Fei1,2
2017-09-13
发表期刊SCIENTIFIC REPORTS
通讯作者邮箱email: wangjy@psych.ac.cn
ISSN2045-2322
文章类型Article
卷号7期号:0页码:1-13
摘要

Empathizing with another's suffering is important in social interactions. Empathic behavior is selectively elicited from genuine, meaningful pain but not from fake, meaningless scenarios. However, the brain's screening mechanism of false information from meaningful events and the time course for the screening process remains unclear. Using EEG combined with principle components analysis (PCA) techniques, here we compared temporal neurodynamics between the observation of pain and no-pain pictures as well as between true (painful expressions and needle-penetrated arms) and false (needle-penetrated faces with neutral expressions) pain pictures. The results revealed that pain vs. no-pain information is differentiated in the very early ERP components, i.e., the N1/P1 for the face and arm pictures categories and the VPP/N170 for the facial expression category while the mid-latency ERP components, N2 and P3, played key roles in differentiating true from false situations. The complex of N2 and P3 components may serve as a screening mechanism through which observers allocate their attentions to more important or relevant events and screen out false environmental information. This is the first study to describe and provide a time course of the screening process during pain empathy. These findings shed new light on the understanding of empathic processing.

DOI10.1038/s41598-017-11963-x
收录类别SCI ; SSCI
语种英语
项目资助者NNSF (National Natural Science Foundation of China)(31271092) ; NNSF(31671140 ; CAS Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology(KLMH 2014G01 ; initiation fund of the CAS/SAFEA International Partnership Program for Creative Research Teams(Y2CX131003) ; 31171067 ; KLMH2016K02) ; 31471061)
WOS研究方向Science & Technology - Other Topics
WOS类目Multidisciplinary Sciences
WOS记录号WOS:000410666900050
WOS标题词Science & Technology
关键词[WOS]NEURAL RESPONSES ; SEX-DIFFERENCES ; INTERGROUP RELATIONSHIPS ; INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES ; FACIAL EXPRESSION ; SOCIAL COGNITION ; RACIAL BIAS ; OTHERS PAIN ; BRAIN ; COMPONENTS
引用统计
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/21921
专题中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
通讯作者Wang, Jin-Yan
作者单位1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, CAS Key Lab Mental Hlth, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Dept Psychol, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
Sun, Ya-Bin,Lin, Xiao-Xiao,Ye, Wen,et al. A Screening Mechanism Differentiating True from False Pain during Empathy[J]. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS,2017,7(0):1-13.
APA Sun, Ya-Bin,Lin, Xiao-Xiao,Ye, Wen,Wang, Ning,Wang, Jin-Yan,&Luo, Fei.(2017).A Screening Mechanism Differentiating True from False Pain during Empathy.SCIENTIFIC REPORTS,7(0),1-13.
MLA Sun, Ya-Bin,et al."A Screening Mechanism Differentiating True from False Pain during Empathy".SCIENTIFIC REPORTS 7.0(2017):1-13.
条目包含的文件
文件名称/大小 文献类型 版本类型 开放类型 使用许可
A Screening Mechanis(6364KB)期刊论文出版稿开放获取CC BY-NC-SA请求全文
个性服务
推荐该条目
保存到收藏夹
查看访问统计
导出为Endnote文件
谷歌学术
谷歌学术中相似的文章
[Sun, Ya-Bin]的文章
[Lin, Xiao-Xiao]的文章
[Ye, Wen]的文章
百度学术
百度学术中相似的文章
[Sun, Ya-Bin]的文章
[Lin, Xiao-Xiao]的文章
[Ye, Wen]的文章
必应学术
必应学术中相似的文章
[Sun, Ya-Bin]的文章
[Lin, Xiao-Xiao]的文章
[Ye, Wen]的文章
相关权益政策
暂无数据
收藏/分享
所有评论 (0)
暂无评论
 

除非特别说明,本系统中所有内容都受版权保护,并保留所有权利。