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A Screening Mechanism Differentiating True from False Pain during Empathy
Sun, Ya-Bin1,2; Lin, Xiao-Xiao1,2; Ye, Wen1,2; Wang, Ning1,2; Wang, Jin-Yan1,2; Luo, Fei1,2
Correspondent Emailemail: wangjy@psych.ac.cn
Abstract

Empathizing with another's suffering is important in social interactions. Empathic behavior is selectively elicited from genuine, meaningful pain but not from fake, meaningless scenarios. However, the brain's screening mechanism of false information from meaningful events and the time course for the screening process remains unclear. Using EEG combined with principle components analysis (PCA) techniques, here we compared temporal neurodynamics between the observation of pain and no-pain pictures as well as between true (painful expressions and needle-penetrated arms) and false (needle-penetrated faces with neutral expressions) pain pictures. The results revealed that pain vs. no-pain information is differentiated in the very early ERP components, i.e., the N1/P1 for the face and arm pictures categories and the VPP/N170 for the facial expression category while the mid-latency ERP components, N2 and P3, played key roles in differentiating true from false situations. The complex of N2 and P3 components may serve as a screening mechanism through which observers allocate their attentions to more important or relevant events and screen out false environmental information. This is the first study to describe and provide a time course of the screening process during pain empathy. These findings shed new light on the understanding of empathic processing.

2017-09-13
Language英语
DOI10.1038/s41598-017-11963-x
Source PublicationSCIENTIFIC REPORTS
ISSN2045-2322
Volume7Issue:0Pages:1-13
SubtypeArticle
Indexed BySCI ; SSCI
WOS KeywordNEURAL RESPONSES ; SEX-DIFFERENCES ; INTERGROUP RELATIONSHIPS ; INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES ; FACIAL EXPRESSION ; SOCIAL COGNITION ; RACIAL BIAS ; OTHERS PAIN ; BRAIN ; COMPONENTS
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology
WOS Research AreaScience & Technology - Other Topics
WOS SubjectMultidisciplinary Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000410666900050
Citation statistics
Cited Times:3[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/21921
Collection中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorWang, Jin-Yan
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, CAS Key Lab Mental Hlth, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Dept Psychol, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
First Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Mental Health, CAS
Corresponding Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Mental Health, CAS
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Sun, Ya-Bin,Lin, Xiao-Xiao,Ye, Wen,et al. A Screening Mechanism Differentiating True from False Pain during Empathy[J]. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS,2017,7(0):1-13.
APA Sun, Ya-Bin,Lin, Xiao-Xiao,Ye, Wen,Wang, Ning,Wang, Jin-Yan,&Luo, Fei.(2017).A Screening Mechanism Differentiating True from False Pain during Empathy.SCIENTIFIC REPORTS,7(0),1-13.
MLA Sun, Ya-Bin,et al."A Screening Mechanism Differentiating True from False Pain during Empathy".SCIENTIFIC REPORTS 7.0(2017):1-13.
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