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The Effect of Consistency on Short-Term Memory for Scenes
Gong, Mingliang1,2; Xuan, Yuming1,3; Xu, Xinwen1,3; Fu, Xiaolan1,3; Yuming Xuan
2017-10-04
Source PublicationFRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY
Correspondent Emailxuanym@psych.ac.cn
ISSN1664-1078
SubtypeArticle
Volume8Issue:0Pages:1-9
Abstract

Which is more detectable, the change of a consistent or an inconsistent object in a scene? This question has been debated for decades. We noted that the change of objects in scenes might simultaneously be accompanied with gist changes. In the present study we aimed to examine how the alteration of gist, as well as the consistency of the changed objects, modulated change detection. In Experiment 1, we manipulated the semantic content by either keeping or changing the consistency of the scene. Results showed that the changes of consistent and inconsistent scenes were equally detected. More importantly, the changes were more accurately detected when scene consistency changed than when the consistency remained unchanged, regardless of the consistency of the memory scenes. A phase-scrambled version of stimuli was adopted in Experiment 2 to decouple the possible confounding effect of low-level factors. The results of Experiment 2 demonstrated that the effect found in Experiment 1 was indeed due to the change of high-level semantic consistency rather than the change of low-level physical features. Together, the study suggests that the change of consistency plays an important role in scene short-term memory, which might be attributed to the sensitivity to the change of semantic content.

Keywordscene consistency short-term memory change detection semantic content scene gist
DOI10.3389/fpsyg.2017.01712
Indexed BySSCI
Language英语
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China(61375009 ; 31371031)
WOS Research AreaPsychology
WOS SubjectPsychology, Multidisciplinary
WOS IDWOS:000412168100001
WOS HeadingsSocial Sciences
WOS KeywordREAL-WORLD SCENES ; OBJECT IDENTIFICATION ; NATURAL SCENES ; SEMANTIC INTEGRATION ; EYE-MOVEMENTS ; CONTEXT ; PERCEPTION ; RECOGNITION ; GIST ; CONGRUENCY
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/21925
Collection中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorYuming Xuan
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, State Key Lab Brain & Cognit Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
2.Miami Univ, Dept Psychol, Oxford, OH 45056 USA
3.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Dept Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Gong, Mingliang,Xuan, Yuming,Xu, Xinwen,et al. The Effect of Consistency on Short-Term Memory for Scenes[J]. FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY,2017,8(0):1-9.
APA Gong, Mingliang,Xuan, Yuming,Xu, Xinwen,Fu, Xiaolan,&Yuming Xuan.(2017).The Effect of Consistency on Short-Term Memory for Scenes.FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY,8(0),1-9.
MLA Gong, Mingliang,et al."The Effect of Consistency on Short-Term Memory for Scenes".FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY 8.0(2017):1-9.
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