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Effects of working memory capacity in processing wh-extractions: eye-movement evidence from Chinese-English bilinguals
Zhou, Huixia1,2; Rossi, Sonja3,4; Li, Juan2; Liu, Huanhuan1; Chen, Ran1; Chen, Baoguo1
2017-11-01
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF RESEARCH IN READING
ISSN0141-0423
SubtypeArticle
Volume40Issue:4Pages:420-438
Abstract

By using the eye-tracking method, the present study explores whether working memory capacity assessed via the second language (L2) reading span (L2WMC) as well as the operational span task (OSPAN) affects the processing of subject-extraction and object-extraction in Chinese-English bilinguals. Results showed that L2WMC has no effects on the grammatical judgement accuracies, the first fixation duration, gaze duration, go-past times and total fixation duration of the critical regions in wh-extractions. In contrast, OSPAN influences the first fixation duration and go-past times of the critical regions in wh-extractions. Specifically, in region 1, (e.g., Who do you think loved the comedian[region 1] with [region 2] all his heart [subject-extraction]? versus Who do you think the comedian loved [region 1] with [region 2] all his heart? [object-extraction]), participants with high OSPAN were much slower than those with low OSPAN in their first fixation duration in reading subject-extractions, whereas there were no differences between participants with different OSPANs in reading object-extractions. In region 2, participants with high OSPAN were much faster than those with low OSPAN in their go-past times of object-extractions. These results indicated that individual differences in OSPAN rather than in L2WMC more strongly affect processing of wh-extractions. Thus, OSPAN results to be more suitable to explore the influences of working memory while processing L2 sentences with complex syntax, at least for intermediate proficient bilinguals. Results of the study also provide further support for the Capacity Theory of Comprehension.

DOI10.1111/1467-9817.12079
Indexed BySSCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaEducation & Educational Research ; Psychology
WOS SubjectEducation & Educational Research ; Psychology, Educational
WOS IDWOS:000412099300005
WOS HeadingsSocial Sciences
WOS KeywordGARDEN-PATH SENTENCES ; INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES ; READING SPAN ; COMPREHENSION ; 2ND-LANGUAGE ; LANGUAGE ; PROFICIENCY ; L2 ; REPRESENTATION ; AGREEMENT
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Cited Times:2[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/21934
Collection健康与遗传心理学研究室
Affiliation1.Beijing Normal Univ, Sch Psychol, Beijing 100875, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Med Univ Innsbruck, Dept Hearing Speech & Voice Disorders, Innsbruck, Austria
4.Max Planck Inst Human Cognit & Brain Sci, Leipzig, Germany
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhou, Huixia,Rossi, Sonja,Li, Juan,et al. Effects of working memory capacity in processing wh-extractions: eye-movement evidence from Chinese-English bilinguals[J]. JOURNAL OF RESEARCH IN READING,2017,40(4):420-438.
APA Zhou, Huixia,Rossi, Sonja,Li, Juan,Liu, Huanhuan,Chen, Ran,&Chen, Baoguo.(2017).Effects of working memory capacity in processing wh-extractions: eye-movement evidence from Chinese-English bilinguals.JOURNAL OF RESEARCH IN READING,40(4),420-438.
MLA Zhou, Huixia,et al."Effects of working memory capacity in processing wh-extractions: eye-movement evidence from Chinese-English bilinguals".JOURNAL OF RESEARCH IN READING 40.4(2017):420-438.
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