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Neural Substrates of Context- and Person-Dependent Altruistic Punishment
Wang, Lili1; Lu, Xiaping2; Gu, Ruolei3; Zhu, Ruida2; Xu, Rui4; Broster, Lucas S.5; Feng, Chunliang2,6
2017-11-01
Source PublicationHUMAN BRAIN MAPPING
Correspondent Emailchunliang.feng@bnu.edu.cn
ISSN1065-9471
SubtypeArticle
Volume38Issue:11Pages:5535-5550
Abstract

Human altruistic behaviors are heterogeneous across both contexts and people, whereas the neural signatures underlying the heterogeneity remain to be elucidated. To address this issue, we examined the neural signatures underlying the context- and person-dependent altruistic punishment, conjoining event-related fMRI with both task-based and resting-state functional connectivity (RSFC). Acting as an impartial third party, participants decided how to punish norm violators either alone or in the presence of putative others. We found that the presence of others decreased altruistic punishment due to diffusion of responsibility. Those behavioral effects paralleled altered neural responses in the dorsal anterior cingulate cortex (dACC) and putamen. Further, we identified modulation of responsibility diffusion on task-based functional connectivity of dACC with the brain regions implicated in reward processing (i.e., posterior cingulate cortex and amygdala/orbital frontal cortex). Finally, the RSFC results revealed that (i) increased intrinsic connectivity strengths of the putamen with temporoparietal junction and dorsolateral PFC were associated with attenuated responsibility diffusion in altruistic punishment and (ii) increased putamen-dorsomedial PFC connectivity strengths were associated with reduced responsibility diffusion in self-reported responsibility. Taken together, our findings elucidate the context- and person-dependent altruistic behaviors as well as associated neural substrates and thus provide a potential neurocognitive mechanism of heterogeneous human altruistic behaviors. (C) 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Keywordaltruistic punishment responsibility diffusion functional magnetic resonance imaging psychophysiological interaction resting-state functional connectivity
DOI10.1002/hbm.23747
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China(31300869 ; Nature Science Foundation of JiangSu Province(BK20130415) ; National Postdoctoral Program for Innovative Talents(BX201600019) ; Beijing National Science Foundation(7154227) ; National Institutes of Health(R25 MH060482) ; Qing Lan Project ; 31571124 ; 81503480)
WOS Research AreaNeurosciences & Neurology ; Radiology, Nuclear Medicine & Medical Imaging
WOS SubjectNeurosciences ; Neuroimaging ; Radiology, Nuclear Medicine & Medical Imaging
WOS IDWOS:000412553900014
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine
WOS KeywordSOCIAL DECISION-MAKING ; RESTING HUMAN BRAIN ; 3RD-PARTY PUNISHMENT ; ULTIMATUM GAME ; PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGICAL INTERACTIONS ; FUNCTIONAL CONNECTIVITY ; BYSTANDER INTERVENTION ; INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES ; PAROCHIAL ALTRUISM ; MORTALITY SALIENCE
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/21935
Collection中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorFeng, Chunliang
Affiliation1.Huaiyin Normal Univ, Sch Educ Sci, Huaian, Peoples R China
2.Beijing Normal Univ, State Key Lab Cognit Neurosci & Learning, Beijing 100875, Peoples R China
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
4.China Acad Chinese Med Sci, Inst Basic Res Clin Med, Beijing, Peoples R China
5.Univ Calif San Francisco, Dept Psychiat, San Francisco, CA USA
6.Beijing Normal Univ, Coll Informat Sci & Technol, Beijing, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wang, Lili,Lu, Xiaping,Gu, Ruolei,et al. Neural Substrates of Context- and Person-Dependent Altruistic Punishment[J]. HUMAN BRAIN MAPPING,2017,38(11):5535-5550.
APA Wang, Lili.,Lu, Xiaping.,Gu, Ruolei.,Zhu, Ruida.,Xu, Rui.,...&Feng, Chunliang.(2017).Neural Substrates of Context- and Person-Dependent Altruistic Punishment.HUMAN BRAIN MAPPING,38(11),5535-5550.
MLA Wang, Lili,et al."Neural Substrates of Context- and Person-Dependent Altruistic Punishment".HUMAN BRAIN MAPPING 38.11(2017):5535-5550.
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