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醉酒驾驶者的冲动行为特征与酒精使用严重程度的相关关系研究
Alternative TitleIDENTIFYING THE CHARACTERISTICS OF IMPULSIVE BEHAVIORS IN DRUNK DRIVERS AND ITS RELATIONSHIP WITH MAGNITUDE OF ALCOHOL USE
李鹏飞1,2; 黄 亮1,3; 李勇辉1,2
2017
Source Publication中国药物依赖性杂志
Correspondent Emailliyonghui@ psych. ac. cn
ISSN李勇辉
Subtype期刊论文
Volume26Issue:5Pages:349-355
Abstract

    目的:本研究采用问卷和行为任务相结合, 系统研究醉酒驾驶者的不同维度的冲动行为特征及其与酒精使用严重程度的关系 方法: 收集某看守所在押醉酒驾驶者 73 名, 采用密西根酒精筛查量表( MAST) 评估酒精使用严重程度, UPPS - P 冲动量表和感觉寻求量表测量冲动性特质, 采用爱荷华赌博任务 延迟折扣 概率折扣和停止信号任务测量醉酒驾驶者的冲动决策和行为抑制能力 将不同类型的冲动行为特征和酒精使用程度进行相关分析 结果: 醉酒驾驶者的酒精使用严重程度的分数与 UPPS - P 冲动量表总分( r = 0. 529,P < 0. 01) , 以及负性情绪状态下的冲动性( r = 0. 510,P < 0. 01 ) 缺乏毅力( r = 0. 302,P < 0. 01) 快感寻求( r = 0. 259,P < 0. 05) 正性情绪状态下的冲动性( r = 0. 536,P < 0. 05 ) 这四个维度显著正相关; 与感觉寻求量表的去抑制( r = 0. 460,P < 0. 01 ) 这个分量表分呈显著正相关, 与爱荷华赌博任务( IGT) 得分显著负相关( r = - 0. 266,P < 0. 05 ) 但与延迟折扣任务 概率折扣任务 停止信号任务没有显著相关 结论: 酒精使用程度与冲动性的行为特征有显著相关性, 主要表现为在酒精使用越严重的个体在情绪激发状态下更加容易表现出冲动控制困难和冲动决策行为.

Other Abstract

    Objective: The present study aims to examine the relationship between the magnitude of alcohol use and impulsivity in the drunk drivers using the impulsivity questionnaire and behavioral test tasks related to multiple dimension of impulsive behaviors. Methods: Seventy - three drunk drivers in the correctional center were assessed on the magnitude of alcohol use with Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test ( MAST) ,and the impulsivity was measured by using UPPS - P and Sensation Seeking Scale,the multiple dimensions of the impulsive behaviors were examined by a series of behavioral task like Iowa Gambling Task,Delay Discounting Task,Probability Discounting Task and Stop Signal Task. Correlation analysis is used to assess the relationship between various impulsive behaviors and magnitude of alcohol use. Results: ( 1 ) Positive correlation are found between MAST scores and UPPS - P total score ( r = 0. 529, P < 0. 01) ,4 subscales score of Negative Urgency( r =0. 510,P <0. 01) ,lack of perseverance ( r =0. 302,P <0. 01) ,Sensation - Seeking( r = 0. 259,P < 0. 05) and Positive Urgency( r = 0. 536,P <0. 05) ,and it is also found that the positive correlation between MAST score and the Disinhibition subscale score in Sensation Seeking Scale. For the behavioral tests,it reveals a negative correlation between MAST score and Iowa Gambling Task score( IGT) . There was no significant correlation between the performance in impulsive decision,response inhibition task and the MAST score of the drunk drivers.Conclusion: The findings of the present study indicate that the magnitude of alcohol use will cause some parts of the dimension of the impulsivity in drunken drivers manifested by impulsive control impairment when the individuals are in the negative or positive emotional state in drunk drivers.

Keyword醉酒驾驶 冲动性 冲动行为
DOI10.13936/j.cnki.cjdd1992.2017.05.006
URL查看原文
Indexed ByCSCD
Language中文
Funding Organization国家重点研发计划项目( 2016YFC0800900) 973 项目( 2015CB553500) 国家自然科学基金项目( 31371035) 和中国科学院心理健康重点实验室基金资助
CSCD IDCSCD:6098456
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/21970
Collection健康与遗传心理学研究室
Corresponding Author李勇辉
Affiliation1.中国科学院心理健康重点实验室( 中国科学院心理研究所)
2.中国科学院大学
3.北京市沐林教育矫治所
First Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Mental Health, CAS
Corresponding Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Mental Health, CAS
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
李鹏飞,黄 亮,李勇辉. 醉酒驾驶者的冲动行为特征与酒精使用严重程度的相关关系研究[J]. 中国药物依赖性杂志,2017,26(5):349-355.
APA 李鹏飞,黄 亮,&李勇辉.(2017).醉酒驾驶者的冲动行为特征与酒精使用严重程度的相关关系研究.中国药物依赖性杂志,26(5),349-355.
MLA 李鹏飞,et al."醉酒驾驶者的冲动行为特征与酒精使用严重程度的相关关系研究".中国药物依赖性杂志 26.5(2017):349-355.
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