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Childhood trauma is not a confounder of the overlap between autistic and schizotypal traits: A study in a non-clinical adult sample
Gong, Jing-bo1,2; Wang, Ya1; Lui, Simon S. Y.1,3; Cheung, Eric F. C.3; Chan, Raymond C. K.1,4
2017-11-01
发表期刊PSYCHIATRY RESEARCH
ISSN0165-1781
文章类型Article
卷号257期号:0页码:111-117
摘要

Childhood trauma has been shown to be a robust risk factor for mental disorders, and may exacerbate schizotypal traits or contribute to autistic trait severity. However, little is known whether childhood trauma confounds the overlap between schizotypal traits and autistic traits. This study examined whether childhood trauma acts as a confounding variable in the overlap between autistic and schizotypal traits in a large non-clinical adult sample. A total of 2469 participants completed the Autism Spectrum Quotient (AQ), the Schizotypal Personality Questionnaire (SPQ), and the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire-Short Form. Correlation analysis showed that the majority of associations between AQ variables and SPQ variables were significant (p < 0.05). In the multiple regression models predicting scores on the AQ total, scores on the three SPQ subscales were significant predictors (Ps < 0.05). Scores on the Positive schizotypy and Negative schizotypy subscales were significant predictors in the multiple regression model predicting scores on the AQ Social Skill, AQ Attention Switching, AQ Attention to Detail, AQ Communication, and AQ Imagination subscales. The association between autistic and schizotypal traits could not be explained by shared variance in terms of exposure to childhood trauma. The findings point to important overlaps in the conceptualization of ASD and SSD, independent of childhood trauma.

关键词Autism spectrum disoders Schizophrenia spectrum disorders Autistic traits Schizotypal traits Childhood trauma
DOI10.1016/j.psychres.2017.07.035
收录类别SCI ; SSCI
语种英语
项目资助者China Postdoctoral Science Foundation(2016M591278) ; Beijing Training Project for the Leading Talents in S T(Z151100000315020) ; Beijing Municipal Science & Technology Commission Grant(Z161100000216138) ; CAS Key Laboratory of Mental Health
WOS研究方向Psychiatry
WOS类目Psychiatry
WOS记录号WOS:000413385300019
WOS标题词Science & Technology ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine
关键词[WOS]POSTTRAUMATIC-STRESS-DISORDER ; LONGITUDINAL PERSONALITY-DISORDERS ; PSYCHOTIC-LIKE EXPERIENCES ; SPECTRUM QUOTIENT AQ ; ULTRA-HIGH-RISK ; GENERAL-POPULATION ; PSYCHIATRIC-DISORDERS ; PSYCHOLOGICAL TRAUMA ; FAMILY-HISTORY ; SCHIZOPHRENIA
引用统计
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/22015
专题中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
作者单位1.Inst Psychol, CAS Key Lab Mental Hlth, Neuropsychol & Appl Cognit Neurosci Lab, Beijing, Peoples R China
2.Hunan Univ Chinese Med, Dept Appl Psychol, Changsha, Hunan, Peoples R China
3.Castle Peak Hosp, Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Peoples R China
4.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Dept Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
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GB/T 7714
Gong, Jing-bo,Wang, Ya,Lui, Simon S. Y.,et al. Childhood trauma is not a confounder of the overlap between autistic and schizotypal traits: A study in a non-clinical adult sample[J]. PSYCHIATRY RESEARCH,2017,257(0):111-117.
APA Gong, Jing-bo,Wang, Ya,Lui, Simon S. Y.,Cheung, Eric F. C.,&Chan, Raymond C. K..(2017).Childhood trauma is not a confounder of the overlap between autistic and schizotypal traits: A study in a non-clinical adult sample.PSYCHIATRY RESEARCH,257(0),111-117.
MLA Gong, Jing-bo,et al."Childhood trauma is not a confounder of the overlap between autistic and schizotypal traits: A study in a non-clinical adult sample".PSYCHIATRY RESEARCH 257.0(2017):111-117.
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