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Childhood trauma is not a confounder of the overlap between autistic and schizotypal traits: A study in a non-clinical adult sample
Gong, Jing-bo1,2; Wang, Ya1; Lui, Simon S. Y.1,3; Cheung, Eric F. C.3; Chan, Raymond C. K.1,4
2017-11-01
Source PublicationPSYCHIATRY RESEARCH
ISSN0165-1781
SubtypeArticle
Volume257Issue:0Pages:111-117
Abstract

Childhood trauma has been shown to be a robust risk factor for mental disorders, and may exacerbate schizotypal traits or contribute to autistic trait severity. However, little is known whether childhood trauma confounds the overlap between schizotypal traits and autistic traits. This study examined whether childhood trauma acts as a confounding variable in the overlap between autistic and schizotypal traits in a large non-clinical adult sample. A total of 2469 participants completed the Autism Spectrum Quotient (AQ), the Schizotypal Personality Questionnaire (SPQ), and the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire-Short Form. Correlation analysis showed that the majority of associations between AQ variables and SPQ variables were significant (p < 0.05). In the multiple regression models predicting scores on the AQ total, scores on the three SPQ subscales were significant predictors (Ps < 0.05). Scores on the Positive schizotypy and Negative schizotypy subscales were significant predictors in the multiple regression model predicting scores on the AQ Social Skill, AQ Attention Switching, AQ Attention to Detail, AQ Communication, and AQ Imagination subscales. The association between autistic and schizotypal traits could not be explained by shared variance in terms of exposure to childhood trauma. The findings point to important overlaps in the conceptualization of ASD and SSD, independent of childhood trauma.

KeywordAutism spectrum disoders Schizophrenia spectrum disorders Autistic traits Schizotypal traits Childhood trauma
DOI10.1016/j.psychres.2017.07.035
Indexed BySCI ; SSCI
Language英语
Funding OrganizationChina Postdoctoral Science Foundation(2016M591278) ; Beijing Training Project for the Leading Talents in S T(Z151100000315020) ; Beijing Municipal Science & Technology Commission Grant(Z161100000216138) ; CAS Key Laboratory of Mental Health
WOS Research AreaPsychiatry
WOS SubjectPsychiatry
WOS IDWOS:000413385300019
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine
WOS KeywordPOSTTRAUMATIC-STRESS-DISORDER ; LONGITUDINAL PERSONALITY-DISORDERS ; PSYCHOTIC-LIKE EXPERIENCES ; SPECTRUM QUOTIENT AQ ; ULTRA-HIGH-RISK ; GENERAL-POPULATION ; PSYCHIATRIC-DISORDERS ; PSYCHOLOGICAL TRAUMA ; FAMILY-HISTORY ; SCHIZOPHRENIA
Citation statistics
Cited Times:1[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/22015
Collection中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
Affiliation1.Inst Psychol, CAS Key Lab Mental Hlth, Neuropsychol & Appl Cognit Neurosci Lab, Beijing, Peoples R China
2.Hunan Univ Chinese Med, Dept Appl Psychol, Changsha, Hunan, Peoples R China
3.Castle Peak Hosp, Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Peoples R China
4.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Dept Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Gong, Jing-bo,Wang, Ya,Lui, Simon S. Y.,et al. Childhood trauma is not a confounder of the overlap between autistic and schizotypal traits: A study in a non-clinical adult sample[J]. PSYCHIATRY RESEARCH,2017,257(0):111-117.
APA Gong, Jing-bo,Wang, Ya,Lui, Simon S. Y.,Cheung, Eric F. C.,&Chan, Raymond C. K..(2017).Childhood trauma is not a confounder of the overlap between autistic and schizotypal traits: A study in a non-clinical adult sample.PSYCHIATRY RESEARCH,257(0),111-117.
MLA Gong, Jing-bo,et al."Childhood trauma is not a confounder of the overlap between autistic and schizotypal traits: A study in a non-clinical adult sample".PSYCHIATRY RESEARCH 257.0(2017):111-117.
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