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Deficits in Voluntary Pursuit and Inhibition of Risk Taking in Sensation Seeking
Zheng, Ya1; Li, Qi2,3; Tian, Moqian2,3; Nan, Weizhi2,3,4,5; Yang, Guochun2,3; Liang, Jin2,3; Liu, Xun2,3
2017-12-01
Source PublicationHUMAN BRAIN MAPPING
ISSN1065-9471
SubtypeArticle
Volume38Issue:12Pages:6019-6028
Abstract

Sensation seeking has been associated with substance use and other risk-taking behaviors. The present functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study investigated the neural correlates underlying risk taking in sensation seeking. Twenty-eight high sensation seekers (HSS; 14 female and 14 male young adults) and 28 low sensation seekers (LSS; 14 female and 14 male young adults) performed an interactive, sequential gambling task that allowed for voluntary pursuit or inhibition of risk taking. Behaviorally, HSS versus LSS exhibited a stronger tendency toward risk taking. Comparison of the groups revealed that when taking risks, HSS relative to LSS exhibited reduced fMRI responses in brain areas involved in risk processing, such as the dorsomedial prefrontal cortex and the thalamus. Importantly, during the voluntary inhibition of risk taking, HSS relative to LSS showed greater fMRI responses in brain areas implicated in cognitive control (the bilateral anterior cingulate cortex) and negative emotion (the right anterior insula). These findings suggest that risk taking in sensation seeking may be driven by both a hypoactive neural system in the voluntary pursuit of risk taking and a hyperactive neural system in the voluntary inhibition of risk taking, thus providing implications for future prevention programs targeting sensation-seeking behaviors. (c) 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Keywordsensation seeking risk taking risk avoidance functional magnetic resonance imaging
DOI10.1002/hbm.23807
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China(31271194 ; Key Laboratory of Behavioral Science, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences ; 31500872 ; 31571161 ; 31200782)
WOS Research AreaNeurosciences & Neurology ; Radiology, Nuclear Medicine & Medical Imaging
WOS SubjectNeurosciences ; Neuroimaging ; Radiology, Nuclear Medicine & Medical Imaging
WOS IDWOS:000414683400014
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine
WOS KeywordPREFRONTAL CORTEX ; NEURAL MECHANISMS ; DECISION-MAKING ; REWARD ; SEEKERS ; ADOLESCENTS ; PERSONALITY ; SAMPLE ; BRAIN
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/22016
Collection中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
Affiliation1.Dalian Med Univ, Dept Psychol, Dalian, Peoples R China
2.Inst Psychol, CAS Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Dept Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
4.Guangzhou Univ, Sch Educ, Dept Psychol, Guangzhou, Guangdong, Peoples R China
5.Guangzhou Univ, Sch Educ, Ctr Brain & Cognit Sci, Guangzhou, Guangdong, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zheng, Ya,Li, Qi,Tian, Moqian,et al. Deficits in Voluntary Pursuit and Inhibition of Risk Taking in Sensation Seeking[J]. HUMAN BRAIN MAPPING,2017,38(12):6019-6028.
APA Zheng, Ya.,Li, Qi.,Tian, Moqian.,Nan, Weizhi.,Yang, Guochun.,...&Liu, Xun.(2017).Deficits in Voluntary Pursuit and Inhibition of Risk Taking in Sensation Seeking.HUMAN BRAIN MAPPING,38(12),6019-6028.
MLA Zheng, Ya,et al."Deficits in Voluntary Pursuit and Inhibition of Risk Taking in Sensation Seeking".HUMAN BRAIN MAPPING 38.12(2017):6019-6028.
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