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Neural Basis of Enhanced Executive Function in Older Video Game Players: An fMRI Study
Wang, Ping1,2; Zhu, Xing-Ting1,2; Qi, Zhigang3,4; Huang, Silin5; Li, Hui-Jie1,2
2017-11-21
发表期刊FRONTIERS IN AGING NEUROSCIENCE
ISSN1663-4365
文章类型Article
卷号9期号:0页码:1-9
摘要

Video games have been found to have positive influences on executive function in older adults; however, the underlying neural basis of the benefits from video games has been unclear. Adopting a task-based functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study targeted at the flanker task, the present study aims to explore the neural basis of the improved executive function in older adults with video game experiences. Twenty video game players (VGPs) and twenty non-video game players (NVGPs) of 60 years of age or older participated in the present study, and there are no significant differences in age (t = 0.62, p = 0.536), gender ratio (t = 1.29, p = 0.206) and years of education (t = 1.92, p = 0.062) between VGPs and NVGPs. The results show that older VGPs present significantly better behavioral performance than NVGPs. Older VGPs activate greater than NVGPs in brain regions, mainly in frontal-parietal areas, including the right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, the left supramarginal gyrus, the right angular gyrus, the right precuneus and the left paracentral lobule. The present study reveals that video game experiences may have positive influences on older adults in behavioral performance and the underlying brain activation. These results imply the potential role that video games can play as an effective tool to improve cognitive ability in older adults.

关键词video game experience older video game players older non-video game players fMRI executive function
DOI10.3389/fnagi.2017.00382
收录类别SCI
语种英语
项目资助者National Basic Research Program (973 Program)(2015CB351702) ; Youth Innovation Promotion Association CAS(2016084) ; National Natural Science Foundation of China(31000465)
WOS研究方向Geriatrics & Gerontology ; Neurosciences & Neurology
WOS类目Geriatrics & Gerontology ; Neurosciences
WOS记录号WOS:000415820200001
WOS标题词Science & Technology ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine
关键词[WOS]COGNITIVE CONTROL ; WORKING-MEMORY ; INTERFERENCE RESOLUTION ; ADULTS ; TASKS ; IDENTIFICATION ; PERFORMANCE ; ACTIVATION ; EXPERIENCE ; CONFLICT
引用统计
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/22022
专题中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
作者单位1.Inst Psychol, CAS Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Dept Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Capital Med Univ, Xuanwu Hosp, Dept Radiol, Beijing, Peoples R China
4.Beijing Key Lab Magnet Resonance Imaging & Brain, Beijing, Peoples R China
5.Beijing Normal Univ, Inst Dev Psychol, Fac Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
推荐引用方式
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Wang, Ping,Zhu, Xing-Ting,Qi, Zhigang,et al. Neural Basis of Enhanced Executive Function in Older Video Game Players: An fMRI Study[J]. FRONTIERS IN AGING NEUROSCIENCE,2017,9(0):1-9.
APA Wang, Ping,Zhu, Xing-Ting,Qi, Zhigang,Huang, Silin,&Li, Hui-Jie.(2017).Neural Basis of Enhanced Executive Function in Older Video Game Players: An fMRI Study.FRONTIERS IN AGING NEUROSCIENCE,9(0),1-9.
MLA Wang, Ping,et al."Neural Basis of Enhanced Executive Function in Older Video Game Players: An fMRI Study".FRONTIERS IN AGING NEUROSCIENCE 9.0(2017):1-9.
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