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题名:
Does Gender Matter in the Relationship between Anxiety and Decision-Making?
作者: Zhang, Fenghua1,2; Xiao, Leifeng3; Gu, Ruolei4,5
文章类型: Article
关键词: decision-making ; anxiety ; gender difference ; Iowa Gambling Task (IGT) ; Game of Dice Task (GDT)
刊名: FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY
ISSN号: 1664-1078
出版日期: 2017-12-19
卷号: 8, 期号:0, 页码:1-9
收录类别: SSCI
项目资助者: National Natural Science Foundation of China(31360234 ; Chinese National Social Science Foundation(17ZDA324) ; 31571124)
英文摘要:

There is an ongoing debate about whether and how anxiety level affects behavioral performance in risk and/or ambiguous decision-making. According to the literature, we suggest that gender difference might be a confounding factor that has contributed to heterogeneous findings in previous studies. To examine this idea, 135 students who participated in this study were divided into six groups according to their gender (male/female) and trait anxiety level (high/medium/low; measured by the Trait form of Spielberger's State-Trait Anxiety Inventory). All groups finished the Iowa Gambling Task (IGT) for ambiguous decision-making, and the Game of Dice Task (GDT) for risk decision-making. Behavioral results revealed that the IGT but not the GDT showed an interaction between anxiety and gender. Specifically, men outperformed women in the IGT, but only when their trait anxiety levels were low. Meanwhile, the GDT showed a main effect of anxiety grouping, such that low anxious participants were more risk-seeking than their medium anxious counterparts. These findings indicate that gender selectively modulates the influence of anxiety on ambiguous decision-making, but not risk decision-making. The theoretical and practical implications of the current findings are discussed.

语种: 英语
WOS记录号: WOS:000418341700002
DOI标识: 10.3389/fpsyg.2017.02231
WOS标题词: Social Sciences
类目[WOS]: Psychology, Multidisciplinary
研究领域[WOS]: Psychology
关键词[WOS]: IOWA GAMBLING TASK ; HIGH TRAIT ANXIETY ; ANXIOUS INDIVIDUALS ; SEX-DIFFERENCES ; MONETARY LOSS ; RISK ; AMBIGUITY ; ATTENTION ; STATE ; PREFERENCES
Citation statistics:
内容类型: 期刊论文
URI标识: http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/22274
Appears in Collections:中国科学院行为科学重点实验室_期刊论文

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作者单位: 1.Jiangxi Normal Univ, Sch Psychol, Nanchang, Jiangxi, Peoples R China
2.Jiangxi Normal Univ, Key Lab Psychol & Cognit Sci Jiangxi, Nanchang, Jiangxi, Peoples R China
3.Beijing Normal Univ, Collaborat Innovat Ctr Assessment Basic Educ Qual, Beijing, Peoples R China
4.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, CAS Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
5.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Dept Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China

Recommended Citation:
Zhang, Fenghua,Xiao, Leifeng,Gu, Ruolei. Does Gender Matter in the Relationship between Anxiety and Decision-Making?[J]. FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY,2017,8(0):1-9.
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