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Does Gender Matter in the Relationship between Anxiety and Decision-Making?
Zhang, Fenghua1,2; Xiao, Leifeng3; Gu, Ruolei4,5
2017-12-19
发表期刊FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY
ISSN1664-1078
文章类型Article
卷号8期号:0页码:1-9
摘要

There is an ongoing debate about whether and how anxiety level affects behavioral performance in risk and/or ambiguous decision-making. According to the literature, we suggest that gender difference might be a confounding factor that has contributed to heterogeneous findings in previous studies. To examine this idea, 135 students who participated in this study were divided into six groups according to their gender (male/female) and trait anxiety level (high/medium/low; measured by the Trait form of Spielberger's State-Trait Anxiety Inventory). All groups finished the Iowa Gambling Task (IGT) for ambiguous decision-making, and the Game of Dice Task (GDT) for risk decision-making. Behavioral results revealed that the IGT but not the GDT showed an interaction between anxiety and gender. Specifically, men outperformed women in the IGT, but only when their trait anxiety levels were low. Meanwhile, the GDT showed a main effect of anxiety grouping, such that low anxious participants were more risk-seeking than their medium anxious counterparts. These findings indicate that gender selectively modulates the influence of anxiety on ambiguous decision-making, but not risk decision-making. The theoretical and practical implications of the current findings are discussed.

关键词decision-making anxiety gender difference Iowa Gambling Task (IGT) Game of Dice Task (GDT)
DOI10.3389/fpsyg.2017.02231
收录类别SSCI
语种英语
项目资助者National Natural Science Foundation of China(31360234 ; Chinese National Social Science Foundation(17ZDA324) ; 31571124)
WOS研究方向Psychology
WOS类目Psychology, Multidisciplinary
WOS记录号WOS:000418341700002
WOS标题词Social Sciences
关键词[WOS]IOWA GAMBLING TASK ; HIGH TRAIT ANXIETY ; ANXIOUS INDIVIDUALS ; SEX-DIFFERENCES ; MONETARY LOSS ; RISK ; AMBIGUITY ; ATTENTION ; STATE ; PREFERENCES
引用统计
被引频次[WOS]:0
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/22274
专题中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
作者单位1.Jiangxi Normal Univ, Sch Psychol, Nanchang, Jiangxi, Peoples R China
2.Jiangxi Normal Univ, Key Lab Psychol & Cognit Sci Jiangxi, Nanchang, Jiangxi, Peoples R China
3.Beijing Normal Univ, Collaborat Innovat Ctr Assessment Basic Educ Qual, Beijing, Peoples R China
4.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, CAS Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
5.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Dept Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
Zhang, Fenghua,Xiao, Leifeng,Gu, Ruolei. Does Gender Matter in the Relationship between Anxiety and Decision-Making?[J]. FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY,2017,8(0):1-9.
APA Zhang, Fenghua,Xiao, Leifeng,&Gu, Ruolei.(2017).Does Gender Matter in the Relationship between Anxiety and Decision-Making?.FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY,8(0),1-9.
MLA Zhang, Fenghua,et al."Does Gender Matter in the Relationship between Anxiety and Decision-Making?".FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY 8.0(2017):1-9.
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