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Interaction Between Social Categories in the Composite Face Paradigm
Chen, Wenfeng1; Ren, Naixin1; Young, Andrew W.2; Liu, Chang Hong3
2018
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-LEARNING MEMORY AND COGNITION
ISSN0278-7393
SubtypeArticle
Volume44Issue:1Pages:34-49
Contribution Rank1
Abstract

The composite face paradigm (Young, Hellawell, & Hay, 1987) is widely used to demonstrate holistic perception of faces (Rossion, 2013). In the paradigm, parts from different faces (usually the top and bottom halves) are recombined. The principal criterion for holistic perception is that responses involving the component parts of composites in which the parts are aligned into a face-like configuration are slower and less accurate than responses to the same parts in a misaligned (not face-like) format. This is often taken as evidence that seeing a whole face in the aligned condition interferes with perceiving its separate parts, but it remains unclear to what extent the composite face effect also reflects contributions from other potential sources of interference. We present a new variant of the paradigm involving composites created from top and bottom parts of familiar faces drawn from orthogonal social categories of gender and occupation. This allows us to examine the contributions of differences in relatively visual properties (gender) or relatively semantic properties (occupation) to composite interference and to measure whether variation in a task-irrelevant category (e.g., differences in gender across the parts of the composite when the task is to categorize the occupation of one of the parts) will influence the size of the composite effect. Our findings show that the composite face effect can be modulated by task-irrelevant social categories and that this interference is primarily visual in nature because the influence of face gender is more direct and more consistent than the influence of occupation.

Keywordcomposite face holistic processing face perception face gender face identity
DOI10.1037/xlm0000418
Indexed BySCI ; SSCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaPsychology
WOS SubjectPsychology ; Psychology, Experimental
WOS IDWOS:000419389200003
WOS HeadingsSocial Sciences
WOS KeywordFACIAL EXPRESSIONS ; CONFIGURAL INFORMATION ; LEARNED ATTENTION ; PERCEPTION ; RECOGNITION ; PARTS ; IDENTITY ; GENDER ; CORTEX
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Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/22297
Collection脑与认知科学国家重点实验室
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, State Key Lab Brain & Cognit Sci, Inst Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
2.Univ York, Dept Psychol, York YO10 5DD, N Yorkshire, England
3.Bournemouth Univ, Dept Psychol, Talbot Campus, Poole BH12 5BB, Dorset, England
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Chen, Wenfeng,Ren, Naixin,Young, Andrew W.,et al. Interaction Between Social Categories in the Composite Face Paradigm[J]. JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-LEARNING MEMORY AND COGNITION,2018,44(1):34-49.
APA Chen, Wenfeng,Ren, Naixin,Young, Andrew W.,&Liu, Chang Hong.(2018).Interaction Between Social Categories in the Composite Face Paradigm.JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-LEARNING MEMORY AND COGNITION,44(1),34-49.
MLA Chen, Wenfeng,et al."Interaction Between Social Categories in the Composite Face Paradigm".JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-LEARNING MEMORY AND COGNITION 44.1(2018):34-49.
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