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A preliminary investigation on the relationship between virtues and pathological internet use among Chinese adolescents
Yonghong Zhang1,2; Zhihan Yang2; Wenjie Duan3; Xiaoqing Tang3; Fengchun Gan4; Fei Wang5; Jinxia Wang6; Pengfei Guo7; Ying Wang8
2014
Source PublicationChild and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Correspondent Emailwjtuanss@cityu.edu.hk
Volume8Issue:8Pages:1-7
Abstract

Background: Pathological Internet Use (PIU) has become a global issue associated with the increasing number of Internet users. Previous studies concerned both the interpersonal and intrapersonal vulnerable factors and the corresponding models. However, a limited amount of research has explored the relationship between positive factors and PIU.
Objective: The current investigation attempted to clarify the relationship between virtues and PIU among Chinese adolescents; it also sought to explore the specific contributions of the three virtues. Virtue was the core concept in positive psychology and the Values in Action Classification. A recent study demonstrated that there might be three universal virtues (relationship, vitality, and conscientiousness).
Methods: A cross-sectional sample of adolescents aged 12-17 years were recruited in 2013. A total of 674 adolescents (males = 302, females = 372; junior high school = 296, senior high school = 378) from eight junior and senior high schools in four provinces of Mainland China completed a package of psychological inventories, including the Chinese Virtues Questionnaire (CVQ) and the Adolescent Pathological Internet Use Scale (APIUS). The mean age of the current sample was 15.10 years (SD = 1.81) with an average of 5.31 years’ length (SD = 2.09) of Internet use.
Results: A total of 9.50% participants exhibited significant symptoms of PIU. Male students (M male = 2.50) had significantly higher scores on PIU than female students (M female = 2.25). Relationship (β = -.24) and conscientiousness (β = -.21) negatively predicted PIU, whereas vitality (β = .25) positively predicted PIU. Dominance analysis further revealed that relationship and conscientiousness could explain 81% variance of PIU, and vitality only accounted for another 19%.
Conclusions: Relationship and conscientiousness were possible protective factors of pathological Internet users, while vitality was vulnerable. The results could be helpful in screening “at-risk” Internet users (low relationship and conscientiousness as well as high vitality). Future intervention strategies could focus on how to enhance relationship
and conscientiousness and on how to reduce vitality.

KeywordVirtue Pathological Internet use Vitality Conscientiousness Relationship
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/22356
Collection中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorWenjie Duan
Affiliation1.Center of Studies for Psychology and Social Development, Southwest University, Chongqing, China.
2.School of Cultural and Social Development Studies, Southwest University, Chongqing, China.
3.Department of Applied Social Studies, City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China.
4.Faculty of Education, Southwest University, Chongqing, China. 5 Office of Academic Affairs, The Sixteenth Middle School of Changzhi City, Shanxi, China.
5.Office of Academic Affairs, The Sixteenth Middle School of Changzhi City, Shanxi, China.
6.Chongqing Cultural Development Research Institute, Chongqing, China.
7.Party Committee Office, Hospital (T. C. M) Affiliated to Luzhou Medical College, Sichuan, China.
8.Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China.
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Yonghong Zhang,Zhihan Yang,Wenjie Duan,et al. A preliminary investigation on the relationship between virtues and pathological internet use among Chinese adolescents[J]. Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health,2014,8(8):1-7.
APA Yonghong Zhang.,Zhihan Yang.,Wenjie Duan.,Xiaoqing Tang.,Fengchun Gan.,...&Ying Wang.(2014).A preliminary investigation on the relationship between virtues and pathological internet use among Chinese adolescents.Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health,8(8),1-7.
MLA Yonghong Zhang,et al."A preliminary investigation on the relationship between virtues and pathological internet use among Chinese adolescents".Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health 8.8(2014):1-7.
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