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异同比较中的维度转移代价
Alternative TitleDIMENSIONAL TRANSFER EFFECT IN SAME-DIFFERENT JUDGMENTS
禤宇明; 傅小兰
Abstract

以有颜色的实心几何图形为刺激材料进行了 4个实验 ,考察异同比较中异反应之间的序列效应 ,被试为中国农业大学本科生 77名。实验 1a和 1b中前后刺激对完全平衡 ,而实验 2a和 2b中前后刺激对随机平衡。实验1a ,2a和 2b发现了维度转移效应 ,表现为对于异反应后的异反应 ,前后 2次异反应的差异维度一致时的反应快于不一致时的反应。文章以认知神经科学已有的相关证据解释了该效应产生的原因 ,并指出该效应反映了选择性注意在异反应判断中起重要作用 ,而且当任务要求注意在刺激维度上的分配不断变化时 ,注意按照当前刺激的特点做实时的分配。

Other Abstract

Four experiments were conducted with colored geometrical figures in a "same"-"different" comparison task on physical matching criterion. Participants were 77 undergraduates from Beijing Agricultural Engineering University. "Different" stimulus pairs mismatched in one dimension only, i.e., either in color or in shape. The relation between successive "different" responses was studied. The results of three experiments revealed that "different" responses were slower when mismatched dimension shifted from one dimension to another. The authors claimed that dimensional transfer effect was due to on-line selective allocation of attention according to task requirement and stimuli presented.

Keyword异同比较 多维刺激 维度转移 选择性注意。
2003
Language中文
Source Publication心理学报
ISSN0439-755X
Volume35Issue:1Pages:37-43
Indexed ByCSCD ; CSSCI ; 中文核心期刊要目总览
Funding Project中国科学院生命科学与生物技术领域青年科学家小组资助 ; 科技部资助 (G19980 3 0 5 0 8)
CSCD IDCSCD:1299639
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/2440
Collection中国科学院心理研究所回溯数据库(1956-2010)
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
禤宇明,傅小兰. 异同比较中的维度转移代价[J]. 心理学报,2003,35(1):37-43.
APA 禤宇明,&傅小兰.(2003).异同比较中的维度转移代价.心理学报,35(1),37-43.
MLA 禤宇明,et al."异同比较中的维度转移代价".心理学报 35.1(2003):37-43.
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