PSYCH OpenIR  > 中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
创伤后应激障碍临床症状表型模型研究
Alternative TitlePhenotypic Model of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptom Dimensionality
曹倖1,2; 王力1; 曹成琦1,2; 张建新1
2015
Source Publication北京师范大学学报(社会科学版)
Correspondent Emailwanglil@psych.ac.cn
ISSN1002-0209
Issue6Pages:87-99
Abstract

自1994年美国《精神障碍诊断与统计手册》第四版公布以来,关于创伤后应激障碍临床症状表型模型的争议一直存在。从最初的3维模型(闯入、回避与情感麻木以及高唤起)到最新的7维混合模型(闯入、回避、负性情绪、快感缺失、外化行为、焦虑性唤起以及精神痛苦性唤起),创伤后应激障碍临床症状表型模型研究已在持续争议中取得了长足进展。为了清晰地反映这一研究进展,我们首先勾勒了20余年来该领域研究的大致脉络,并从基于美国《精神障碍诊断与统计手册》第四版与第五版的表型模型研究两个方面进行了综述,讨论了DSM-IV框架下的两个4维模型和一个5维模型的实证支持、结构比较、外部效度以及它们的心理病理机制,同时探讨了DSM-5框架下两个4维模型、一个5维模型、两个6维模型和一个7为模型的结构比较、各自的实证支持和外部效度;之后又讨论了现有研究在样本选取、评估工具使用、研究设计以及心理测量学等方面存在的局限;最后指出了该领域未来研究的方向,希望能够弥补现有研究设计的不足,探讨核心症状,通过研究找出最优模型,推动其向临床实践的转化。

Other Abstract

Since the fourth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders(DSM-IV)published in 1994,there has been an intense debate on the phenotypic model of posttraumatic stress disorder(PTSD)symptom dimensionality.From the initial tripartite DSM-IV model(intrusion,avoidance and emotional numbing,and hyperarousal)to the latest DSM-5based seven-factor hybrid model(intrusion,avoidance,negative affect,anhedonia,externalizing behaviors,anxious arousal,and dysphoric arousal),studies on the phenotypic model of PTSD symptom dimensionality have made substantial progress in recent two decades.The current study began by outlining the previous studies in this field,and then reviewed the findings of the phenotypic model of DSM-IVand DSM-5PTSD symptom dimensionality respectively.After that,limitations with previous studies,in terms of sampling,assessment,design,and psychometrics were discussed.The paper finally indicated the directions for future studies.

Keyword创伤后应激障碍 《精神障碍诊断与统计手册》第四版 《精神障碍诊断与统计手册》第五版 表型模型
Indexed ByCSCD
Language中文
Funding Organization国家科技支撑计划(2013BAI08B02) ; 国家自然科学基金项目(31471004,31271099) ; 中国科学院重点部署项目(KJZD-EW-L04)
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/25119
Collection中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
Affiliation1.中国科学院心理研究所心理健康重点实验室
2.中国科学院大学
First Author AffilicationInstitute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
曹倖,王力,曹成琦,等. 创伤后应激障碍临床症状表型模型研究[J]. 北京师范大学学报(社会科学版),2015(6):87-99.
APA 曹倖,王力,曹成琦,&张建新.(2015).创伤后应激障碍临床症状表型模型研究.北京师范大学学报(社会科学版)(6),87-99.
MLA 曹倖,et al."创伤后应激障碍临床症状表型模型研究".北京师范大学学报(社会科学版) .6(2015):87-99.
Files in This Item:
File Name/Size DocType Version Access License
创伤后应激障碍临床症状表型模型研究_曹倖(520KB)期刊论文出版稿限制开放CC BY-NC-SAView Application Full Text
Related Services
Recommend this item
Bookmark
Usage statistics
Export to Endnote
Google Scholar
Similar articles in Google Scholar
[曹倖]'s Articles
[王力]'s Articles
[曹成琦]'s Articles
Baidu academic
Similar articles in Baidu academic
[曹倖]'s Articles
[王力]'s Articles
[曹成琦]'s Articles
Bing Scholar
Similar articles in Bing Scholar
[曹倖]'s Articles
[王力]'s Articles
[曹成琦]'s Articles
Terms of Use
No data!
Social Bookmark/Share
File name: 创伤后应激障碍临床症状表型模型研究_曹倖.pdf
Format: Adobe PDF
All comments (0)
No comment.
 

Items in the repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.