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大学毕业生就业能力、求职认知评价、就业不安全感对心理健康预测作用的追踪研究
其他题名A Longitudinal Study of the Predictive Effects of Employability, Cognitive Appraisal and Employment Insecurity on Psychological Well-being among University Graduate
谢义忠; 何俊萍
2015
发表期刊心理科学
通讯作者邮箱yizhong_x@hotmail.com
ISSN1671-6981
卷号38期号:6页码:1432-1437
摘要

旨在探究大学毕业生就业能力对求职过程中心理健康的预测作用,以及求职认知评价和就业不安全感在其中的中介作用。采用结构方程模型等对343个样本的三轮追踪问卷调查数据进行分析后发现:就业能力显著正向预测心理健康;挑战认知评价和就业不安全感依次中介就业能力对心理健康的预测作用。研究结果表明,可以通过提高大学毕业生就业能力来积极促进其对求职的正确认知评价,从而纾解就业不安全感,保持和改善求职过程中的心理健康状况。 

其他摘要

Every year, millions of university graduates in China have to face the diffi cult employment conditions and thus suffer great stress, so how to ease the mental tension and keep psychological well-being of university graduates during their job searching processes has attracted many researchers’attention. To seek the theoretical clues behind, this study aims to explore the predictive effects of employability, cognitive appraisal and employment insecurity on psychological well-being among university graduates during their job searching processes.
Based on Self-Regulatory Theory, a research model consisted of 6 hypotheses was put up. In order to verify these hypotheses, a three-wave longitudinal survey was carried out. The wave one was conducted in October 2012, the wave two one month later and the wave three another month later. The wave one contained demographic variables and employability. Cognitive appraisal and employment insecurity were measured in the wave two. And psychological well-being was measured in the wave three. Graduates from 52 universities from 16 provinces (including municipalities) in China were invited to participate in the study, except those who were pursuing higher education or had found a job. In total, 757 valid questionnaires were gained in the wave one. In the wave two and three, 557 and 343 valid questionnaires were received respectively.
The results of SEM analysis showed that: Employability predicted appraised challenge, employment insecurity and psychological wellbeing signifi cantly (Point Est. = .216, SE = .062, BC bootstrap 95% CI = .095, .337 ; Point Est. = -.217, SE = .047, BC bootstrap 95% CI = -.310, -.124 ; Point Est. = .223, SE = .072, BC bootstrap 95% CI = .083, .364) ; Appraised challenge mediated the relationship between employability and employment insecurity (Point Est. = -.036, SE = .014, BC bootstrap 95% CI = -.064, -.009); The relationships between employability, appraised challenge as well as appraised threat and psychological well-being were mediated by employment insecurity (Point Est. = .058, SE = .024, BC bootstrap 95% CI = .011, .105 ; Point Est. = .057, SE = .024, BC bootstrap 95% CI = .011, .104; Point Est. = -.037, SE = .017, BC bootstrap 95% CI =-.071, -.004); And employability predicted psychological well-being through appraised challenge and employment insecurity sequentially (Point Est. = .012, SE = .006, BC bootstrap 95% CI = .000, .025); The results suggest that we should enhance graduates’ employability before or during their job searching processes, in order to help them cognize and appraise job search positively, and then release employment insecurity and keep mental health.
Previous researches in China mostly concerned about the predictive effects of such variables like personality and emotional factor on psychological well-being, while this study examined the relationship of employability and psychological well-being and the mediation effects of cognitive appraisal and employment insecurity between them. Besides, this study refl ected the lagged change of psychological well-being predicted by employability, cognitive appraisal and employment insecurity more convincingly using a three-wave longitudinal survey.

关键词大学毕业生 就业能力 求职认知评价 就业不安全感 心理健康
DOI10.16719/j.cnki.1671-6981.20150622
收录类别CSCD
语种中文
项目资助者国家自然科学基金项目(71072024)的资助
CSCD记录号CSCD:5590116
引用统计
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/25134
专题健康与遗传心理学研究室
作者单位1.南京理工大学经济管理学院
2.中国科学院心理研究所
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
谢义忠,何俊萍. 大学毕业生就业能力、求职认知评价、就业不安全感对心理健康预测作用的追踪研究[J]. 心理科学,2015,38(6):1432-1437.
APA 谢义忠,&何俊萍.(2015).大学毕业生就业能力、求职认知评价、就业不安全感对心理健康预测作用的追踪研究.心理科学,38(6),1432-1437.
MLA 谢义忠,et al."大学毕业生就业能力、求职认知评价、就业不安全感对心理健康预测作用的追踪研究".心理科学 38.6(2015):1432-1437.
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